John D. Pediani

Learn More
When expressed via an inducible promoter in human embryonic kidney 293 cells, the rat Mas-related gene D (rMrgD) receptor responded to beta-alanine but not L-alanine by elevating intracellular [Ca(2+)], stimulating phosphorylation of the mitogenactivated protein kinases known as extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1 and ERK2 and translocating from(More)
Following inducible expression in HEK293 cells, the human orexin-1 receptor was targeted to the cell surface but became internalized following exposure to the peptide agonist orexin A. By contrast, constitutive expression of the human cannabinoid CB1 receptor resulted in a predominantly punctate, intracellular distribution pattern consistent with(More)
Molecular evolution and chemical genetics have been applied to generate functional pairings of mutated G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) and nonendogenous ligands. These mutant receptors, referred to as receptors activated solely by synthetic ligands (RASSLs) or designer receptors exclusively activated by designer drugs (DREADDs), have huge potential to(More)
Cellular distribution and binding characteristics of native alpha(1)-adrenoceptors (ARs) were determined in a live, single, human smooth muscle cell (SMC) with confocal laser scanning microscopy and a fluorescent ligand, BODIPY-FL prazosin (QAPB). This allowed single-cell competitive ligand binding and showed that 40% of alpha(1)-AR-binding sites in native(More)
The histamine H1 receptor and the alpha1b-adrenoreceptor are G protein-coupled receptors that elevate intracellular [Ca2+] via activation of Gq/G11. Assessed by co-immunoprecipitation and time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer they both exist as homo-dimers. The addition of the G protein G11alpha to the C terminus of these receptors did not(More)
Anti-GM1 ganglioside autoantibodies are used as diagnostic markers for motor axonal peripheral neuropathies and are believed to be the primary mediators of such diseases. However, their ability to bind and exert pathogenic effects at neuronal membranes is highly inconsistent. Using human and mouse monoclonal anti-GM1 antibodies to probe the GM1-rich motor(More)
Redox-sensitive GFPs with engineered disulphide bonds have been used previously to monitor redox status in the cytosol and mitochondria of living cells. The usefulness of these redox probes depends on the reduction potential of the disulphide, with low values suiting the cytosol and mitochondrion, and higher values suiting the more oxidising environment of(More)
Approaches to identify G protein-coupled receptor oligomers rather than dimers have been lacking. Using concatamers of fluorescent proteins, we established conditions to monitor sequential three-color fluorescence resonance energy transfer (3-FRET) and used these to detect oligomeric complexes of the alpha(1b)-adrenoceptor in single living cells. Mutation(More)
Agonist-induced internalization was observed for both inducible and constitutively expressed forms of the cannabinoid CB(1) receptor. These were also internalized by the peptide orexin A, which has no direct affinity for the cannabinoid CB(1) receptor, but only when the orexin OX(1) receptor was co-expressed along with the cannabinoid CB(1) receptor. This(More)
The antagonist ligand BODIPY-FL-prazosin (QAPB) fluoresces when bound to bovine alpha(1a)-adrenoceptors (ARs). Data indicate that the receptor-ligand complex is spontaneously internalized by beta-arrestin-dependent endocytosis. Internalization of the ligand did not occur in beta-arrestin-deficient cells; was blocked or reversed by another alpha(1) ligand,(More)