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Metaverses are immersive three-dimensional virtual worlds in which people interact as avatars with each other and with software agents, using the metaphor of the real world but without its physical limitations. The ubiquitous availability of high speed Internet access has spurred enormous interest in virtual worlds like Second Life and World of Warcraft,(More)
Virtual worlds such as Linden Lab's Second Life are pervading our everyday world and already impacting organizational practices involving virtual teams and virtual-world project management. C onsider a world in which you can conduct training sessions and bring together experts from around the globe in a single, common environment; hold effective meetings in(More)
Patterns were originally developed in the field of architecture as a mechanism for communicating good solutions to recurring classes of problems. Since then, many researchers and practitioners have created patterns to describe effective solutions to problems associated with disparate areas such as virtual project management, human-computer interaction,(More)
BACKGROUND The diagnosis of Parkinson disease is currently based on clinical evaluation. Functional neuroimaging using (123I) beta-carboxymethyoxy-3-beta-(4-iodophenyl) tropane (CIT) and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) provides information on the integrity of the dopaminergic system in vivo and is a promising diagnostic tool in early(More)
BACKGROUND The balance of systemic, pulmonary, and coronary blood flow after the Norwood operation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is critical to early survival. We hypothesized that a right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit (instead of a systemic to pulmonary artery shunt) would result in hemodynamic changes consistent with a more stable(More)
OBJECTIVES Results of Fontan's procedure have improved considerably, but perioperative mortality still occurs, attributed to ventricular dysfunction, stroke, arrhythmia, thromboembolism, and multi-organ dysfunction. Our protocols of operative and intensive care unit management address these potential issues, and have been associated with zero mortality,(More)
OBJECTIVE Spatial hearing uses both monaural and binaural mechanisms that require sensitive hearing for normal function. Deaf children using either bilateral (BCI) or unilateral (UCI) cochlear implants would thus be expected to have poorer spatial hearing than normally hearing (NH) children. However, the relationship between spatial hearing in these various(More)