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BACKGROUND & AIMS The ability to obtain unlimited numbers of human hepatocytes would improve the development of cell-based therapies for liver diseases, facilitate the study of liver biology, and improve the early stages of drug discovery. Embryonic stem cells are pluripotent, potentially can differentiate into any cell type, and therefore could be(More)
The signal recognition particle (SRP) consists of one RNA and six protein subunits. The N-terminal domain of the 54K subunit contains a putative GTP-binding site, whereas the C-terminal domain binds signal sequences and SRP RNA. Binding of SRP to the signal sequence as it emerges from the ribosome creates a cytosolic targeting complex containing the nascent(More)
This report concerns the development of a method for the measurement of ergosterol in indoor air as a determinant of fungal exposure. Ergosterol was determined in spores of 11 species of Aspergillus, Penicillium, and Cladosporium selected from the most common molds in 400 homes in Ontario. Spore ergosterol content was about 1 microgram/mg, which is the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM A gastric conduit is usually used to reconstruct the foregut after esophagectomy for cancer. The gastric emptying may be impaired after this operation, so some esophageal surgeons routinely add a pyloric drainage procedure (pyloroplasty or pyloromyotomy). We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to determine the(More)
The presence of mycotoxins in grains and feedstuffs causes not only animal health problems, but also a valid concern about the transmission of potentially toxic residues into animal-derived products intended for human consumption. In a series of studies at Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, we investigated the biological fate of fumonisin B1 (FB1) in several(More)
Consumption of corn or corn-based products contaminated with Fusarium moniliforme/fumonisins has been associated with a variety of animal and human diseases and is a major food/feed safety issue. This study focused on the clinical toxicity and performance parameters in growing swing exposed to low to moderate levels of pure fumonisin B1 (FB.) for 8 weeks.(More)
BACKGROUND Bronchial thermoplasty is a bronchoscopic procedure to reduce the mass of airway smooth muscle and attenuate bronchoconstriction. We examined the effect of bronchial thermoplasty on the control of moderate or severe persistent asthma. METHODS We randomly assigned 112 subjects who had been treated with inhaled corticosteroids and long-acting(More)
RATIONALE Bronchial thermoplasty (BT) reduces the potential for smooth muscle-mediated bronchoconstriction by reducing the mass of smooth muscle in the walls of conducting airways. OBJECTIVES This study was conducted to examine the safety and impact on lung function and airway responsiveness of BT over 2 yr. METHODS The safety of BT was studied in 16(More)
The safety and efficacy of leuprolide acetate (LA) for depot suspension (Lupron depot; TAP Pharmaceuticals, North Chicago, IL), 3.75 mg versus placebo, in the treatment of pain associated with endometriosis was assessed in a randomized, double-blind, multicenter study involving 52 patients. Dysmenorrhea, pelvic pain, and pelvic tenderness all responded(More)