John D. Lawson

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We present a straightforward process for the discovery of novel back pocket-binding fragment molecules against protein tyrosine kinases. The approach begins by screening against the nonphosphorylated target kinase with subsequent counterscreening of hits against the phosphorylated enzyme. Back pocket-binding fragments are inactive against the phosphorylated(More)
The discovery and optimization of a series of 4-aminocinnoline-3-carboxamide inhibitors of Bruton's tyrosine kinase are reported. A fragment-based screening approach incorporating X-ray co-crystallography was used to identify a cinnoline fragment and characterize its binding mode in the ATP binding site of Btk. Optimization of the fragment hit resulted in(More)
Many different schemes can be devised for accelerating particles. In recent years several concepts, radically different from those in common use, have been suggested. Many of these have failed to live up to the hopes of their inventors. Now that we seem near the end of the road for large conventional machines there is a renewed interest in alternatives,(More)
The RAS/RAF/MEK/ERK signal transduction cascade plays an important role in the regulation of critical cellular processes such as cell proliferation, migration, and differentiation. The up-regulation of this pathway can negatively affect cell homeostasis and is responsible for the development of various forms of cancer and inflammation processes. Therefore,(More)
Using SBDD, a series of 4-amino-7-azaindoles were discovered as a novel class of Alk5 inhibitors that are potent in both Alk5 enzymatic and cellular assays. Subsequently a ring cyclization strategy was utilized to improve ADME properties leading to the discovery of a series of 1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-2(3H)-one drug like Alk5 inhibitors.
Methionine aminopeptidase 2 (MetAP2) is an enzyme that cleaves an N-terminal methionine residue from a number of newly synthesized proteins. Pre-clinical and clinical studies suggest that MetAP2 inhibitors could be used as a novel treatment for obesity. Herein we describe our use of fragment screening methods and structural biology to quickly identify and(More)
S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase (AHCY) catalyzes the reversible hydrolysis of S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH) to adenosine and l-homocysteine. This enzyme is frequently overexpressed in many tumor types and is considered to be a validated anti-tumor target. In order to enable the development of small molecule AHCY inhibitors as targeted cancer therapeutics we(More)
A series of potent ALK5 inhibitors were designed using a SBDD approach and subsequently optimized to improve drug likeness. Starting with a 4-substituted quinoline screening hit, SAR was conducted using a ALK5 binding model to understand the binding site and optimize activity. The resulting inhibitors displayed excellent potency but were limited by high in(More)
Computers and computing are topics of discussion in many curriculum areas in seconary school. The four courses recommended by this task group, however, have computing as their primary content. The courses are: i) Introduction to Computer Science I (a full year course) 2) Introduction to Computer Science II (a full year course) 3) Introduction to a(More)
Methionine aminopeptidase-2 (MetAP2) is an enzyme that cleaves an N-terminal methionine residue from a number of newly synthesized proteins. This step is required before they will fold or function correctly. Pre-clinical and clinical studies with a MetAP2 inhibitor suggest that they could be used as a novel treatment for obesity. Herein we describe the(More)