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BACKGROUND Human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6), a ubiquitous beta-herpesvirus, is the causative agent of roseola infantum and has been associated with a number of neurologic disorders including seizures, encephalitis/meningitis, and multiple sclerosis. Although the role of HHV-6 in human CNS disease remains to be fully defined, a number of studies have suggested(More)
In the last five years, IDH1 mutations in human malignancies have significantly shaped the diagnosis and management of cancer patients. Ongoing intense research efforts continue to alter our understanding of the role of the IDH1 mutation in tumor formation. Currently, evidence suggests the IDH1 mutation to be an early event in tumorigenesis with multiple(More)
PURPOSE To describe the technique and results of injecting ethanol directly into symptomatic vertebral hemangiomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS Eleven patients with paraplegia (n = 6) or radiculopathy (n = 5) due to vertebral hemangioma were treated by means of injecting ethanol (5-50 mL) directly into the lesion with computed tomographic (CT) guidance. CT(More)
We hypothesized that it would be possible to detect the distribution of cortical activation by using a sensitive, rapid, high-resolution infrared imaging technique to monitor changes in local cerebral blood flow induced by changes in focal cortical metabolism. In a prospective study, we recorded in 21 patients the emission of infrared radiation from the(More)
OBJECT The aim of this study was to evaluate the pathophysiology underlying headache associated with cough in patients with Chiari I tonsillar abnormality. The authors hypothesized that peak intrathecal pressure during coughing is higher in patients with headache aggravated by cough than in patients without or in healthy volunteers. In addition, the authors(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an angiogenic growth factor that also induces vascular permeability and macrophage migration. VEGF expression is weak in normal adult brain, but is strongly upregulated in glioma cells and reactive astrocytes, suggesting that chronic overexpression of VEGF in the brain contributes to blood-brain barrier (BBB)(More)
PURPOSE Primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL) and primary intraocular lymphoma (IOL) are usually treated with radiation therapy alone or in combination with chemotherapy. The neurotoxicity of these treatments can be substantial. This study attempts to define the toxicity and efficacy of the treatment of this disease with chemotherapy alone. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
OBJECT Muscimol is a potent gamma-aminobutyric acid-A receptor agonist that temporarily and selectively suppresses neurons. Targeted muscimol suppression of neuronal structures could provide insight into the pathophysiological processes and treatment of a variety of neurological disorders. To determine if muscimol delivered to the brain by(More)
Primary brain tumors are the fourth leading cause of cancer mortality in adults under the age of 54 years and the leading cause of cancer mortality in children in the United States. Therapy for the most common type of primary brain tumors, gliomas, remains suboptimal. The development of new and more effective treatments will likely require a better(More)
We investigated the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)/vascular permeability factor (VPF) in stab and freeze brain injury models in rats. Immunohistochemical staining with anti-VEGF antibodies demonstrated an increase in VEGF-positive cells in and around both lesions. Morphologically, the injury-induced VEGF-positive cells resembled(More)