John D. Heiss

Learn More
PURPOSE Primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL) and primary intraocular lymphoma (IOL) are usually treated with radiation therapy alone or in combination with chemotherapy. The neurotoxicity of these treatments can be substantial. This study attempts to define the toxicity and efficacy of the treatment of this disease with chemotherapy alone. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6), a ubiquitous beta-herpesvirus, is the causative agent of roseola infantum and has been associated with a number of neurologic disorders including seizures, encephalitis/meningitis, and multiple sclerosis. Although the role of HHV-6 in human CNS disease remains to be fully defined, a number of studies have suggested(More)
PURPOSE To describe the technique and results of injecting ethanol directly into symptomatic vertebral hemangiomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS Eleven patients with paraplegia (n = 6) or radiculopathy (n = 5) due to vertebral hemangioma were treated by means of injecting ethanol (5-50 mL) directly into the lesion with computed tomographic (CT) guidance. CT(More)
Primary brain tumors are the fourth leading cause of cancer mortality in adults under the age of 54 years and the leading cause of cancer mortality in children in the United States. Therapy for the most common type of primary brain tumors, gliomas, remains suboptimal. The development of new and more effective treatments will likely require a better(More)
OBJECT Syringomyelia causes progressive myelopathy. Most patients with syringomyelia have a Chiari I malformation of the cerebellar tonsils. Determination of the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the progression of syringomyelia associated with the Chiari I malformation should improve strategies to halt progression of myelopathy. METHODS The(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an angiogenic growth factor that also induces vascular permeability and macrophage migration. VEGF expression is weak in normal adult brain, but is strongly upregulated in glioma cells and reactive astrocytes, suggesting that chronic overexpression of VEGF in the brain contributes to blood-brain barrier (BBB)(More)
In the last five years, IDH1 mutations in human malignancies have significantly shaped the diagnosis and management of cancer patients. Ongoing intense research efforts continue to alter our understanding of the role of the IDH1 mutation in tumor formation. Currently, evidence suggests the IDH1 mutation to be an early event in tumorigenesis with multiple(More)
OBJECT The aim of this study was to evaluate the pathophysiology underlying headache associated with cough in patients with Chiari I tonsillar abnormality. The authors hypothesized that peak intrathecal pressure during coughing is higher in patients with headache aggravated by cough than in patients without or in healthy volunteers. In addition, the authors(More)
OBJECT Chiari malformation Type I (CM-I) is characterized by hindbrain deformity. We investigated the effects of craniocervical decompression surgery on the anatomical features of hindbrain deformity with a prospective MRI study of patients with CM-I. METHODS A prospective longitudinal study was conducted in 48 patients with CM-I (39 with syringomyelia)(More)
We investigated the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)/vascular permeability factor (VPF) in stab and freeze brain injury models in rats. Immunohistochemical staining with anti-VEGF antibodies demonstrated an increase in VEGF-positive cells in and around both lesions. Morphologically, the injury-induced VEGF-positive cells resembled(More)