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Pseudomonas putida F1 and Pseudomonas sp. strain JS150 initiate toluene degradation by incorporating molecular oxygen into the aromatic nucleus to form cis-1,2-dihydroxy-3-methylcyclohexa-3,5-diene. When toluene-grown cells were incubated with 2- and 3-nitrotoluene, the major products identified were 2- and 3-nitrobenzyl alcohol, respectively. The same(More)
Biphenyl-grown cells and cell extracts prepared from biphenyl-grown cells of Pseudomonas sp. strain LB400 oxidize a much wider range of chlorinated biphenyls than do analogous preparations from Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes KF707. These results are attributed to differences in the substrate specificity of the biphenyl 2,3-dioxygenases from both organisms.
Oxidation of biphenyl and nine chlorinated biphenyls (CBs) by the biphenyl 2,3-dioxygenase from Pseudomonas sp. strain LB400 was examined. The purified terminal oxygenase required the addition of partially purified electron transport components, NAD(P)H, and ferrous iron to oxidize biphenyl and CBs. cis-Biphenyl 2,3-dihydrodiol was produced with biphenyl as(More)
Phloroglucinol reductase was purified 90-fold to homogeneity from the anaerobic rumen organism Eubacterium oxidoreducens strain G-41. The enzyme is stable in the presence of air and is found in the soluble fraction after ultracentrifugation of cell extract. Ion-exchange, hydrophobic interaction, and affinity chromatography were used to purify the enzyme.(More)
Pseudomonas sp. strain LB400 grows on biphenyl as the sole carbon and energy source. This organism also cooxidizes several chlorinated biphenyl congeners. Biphenyl dioxygenase activity in cell extract required addition of NAD(P)H as an electron donor for the conversion of biphenyl to cis-2,3-dihydroxy-2,3-dihydrobiphenyl. Incorporation of both atoms of(More)
The ferredoxin component (ferredoxinBPH) of biphenyl 2,3-dioxygenase was purified to homogeneity from crude cell extract of Pseudomonas sp strain LB400 using ion exchange, hydrophobic interaction and gel filtration column chromatography. The protein was a monomer with a molecular weight of 15,000 and contained 2 gram-atoms each of iron and acid-labile(More)
The iron-sulfur protein of biphenyl 2,3-dioxygenase (ISPBPH) was purified from Pseudomonas sp. strain LB400. The protein is composed of a 1:1 ratio of a large (alpha) subunit with an estimated molecular weight of 53,300 and a small (beta) subunit with an estimated molecular weight of 27,300. The native molecular weight was 209,000, indicating that the(More)
The relevant phenotypic traits and phylogenetic relationships between Burkholderia (Pseudomonas) sp. strain LB400 and B. cepacia ATCC 25416(T) were compared to determine the degree to which these two strains might be related. Strain LB400 degrades chlorinated biphenyls and has been a model system for potential use in the bioremediation of polychlorinated(More)
The ultimate goal of this study was developing antimicrobial food-contact materials based on natural phenolic compounds using nanotechnological approaches. Among the methyl-β-cyclodextrin-encapsulated phenolics tested, curcumin showed by far the highest activity toward Escherichia coli with a minimum inhibitory concentration of 0.4 mM. Curcumin was enclosed(More)