John D. Gingerich

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Carbon black and quartz are relatively inert solid particulate materials that are carcinogenic in laboratory animals. Quartz is a human carcinogen, whereas data on carbon black are contradictory, and there are few data on mammalian mutagenesis. We determined the mutant frequency following eight repeated 72-hr incubations with 75 mug/ml carbon black (Printex(More)
The lacZ transgenic mouse (Muta mouse) model was used to examine the timing of ethylnitrosourea (ENU)-induced mutations in germ cells. The spectrum of mutations was also determined. Animals received five daily treatments with ENU at 50 mg/kg and were sampled at times up to 55 days after treatment. In mixed germ-cell populations isolated from seminiferous(More)
We have isolated and characterized a stable epithelial cell line from Muta Mouse lung that is a suitable complement to the in vivo assay system. The cells are contact inhibited, forming a flat monolayer, and retain several epithelial/pulmonary characteristics. The genome is stable across more than 50 generations, with a modal chromosome number of 78.(More)
In order to help establish criteria for optimizing protocols for in vivo mutation studies, lacZ transgenic mice (Muta mouse) were treated with five consecutive daily doses of ethylnitrosourea (50 mg/kg), sampled at times up to 55 days after treatment, and mutant frequencies and DNA sequences determined for liver and bone marrow. In the bone marrow, the(More)
In this study we compared the response of the Pig-a gene mutation assay to that of the lacZ transgenic rodent mutation assay, and demonstrated that multiple endpoints can be measured in a 28-day repeat dose study. Muta™Mouse were dosed daily for 28 days with benzo[a]pyrene (BaP; 0, 25, 50 and 75 mg/kg body weight/day) by oral gavage. Micronucleus (MN)(More)
FE1 lung epithelial cells derived from MutaMouse are a new model system to provide in vitro mutagenicity data with the potential to predict the outcome of an in vivo MutaMouse test. 3-Nitrobenzanthrone (3-NBA) is a potent mutagen and suspected human carcinogen identified in diesel exhaust and urban air pollution. We investigated the mutagenicity and DNA(More)
As a critical step in determining whether transgenic mouse gene mutation systems are suitable models for the detection and quantification of induced gene mutations in vivo, spontaneous mutant frequencies and mutation spectra have been characterized for liver, bone marrow, and male germ cells of the lacZ transgenic mouse strain 40.6. The lacZ transgene is(More)
Carbon nanomaterials such carbon nanotubes, graphene and fullerenes are some the most promising nanomaterials. Although carbon nanomaterials have been reported to possess genotoxic potential, it is imperitive to analyse the data on the genotoxicity of carbon nanomaterials in vivo and in vitro and check the validity and predictability of different assays.
lacZ gene mutations in the transgenic Muta Mmouse can be detected by two different selection systems. While mutant frequencies recovered by phenyl-beta-D-galactoside (P-gal) selection are comparable with those obtained using 5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl beta-D-galactopyranoside (X-gal) as substrate for beta-galactosidase, there may still be differences at the(More)
It has been shown previously that carbon black (CB), Printex 90 exposure induces cII and lacZ mutants in the FE1-Muta(TM) Mouse lung epithelial cell line and causes oxidatively damaged DNA and the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The purpose of this study was to determine the mutation spectrum in the cII gene of Printex 90 exposed cells. Cells(More)