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BACKGROUND Women with bulimia nervosa (BN) have disturbances of mood and behavior and alterations of monoamine activity when they are bingeing and purging. It is not known whether these alterations are secondary to pathological eating behavior or traits that could contribute to the pathogenesis of BN. METHODS To avoid the confounding effects of(More)
Carbohydrate ingestion raises tryptophan uptake and serotonin synthesis in rat brain. The addition of protein is generally believed only to block such increases. However, some recent evidence suggests dietary protein may not be limited to this action. In the present studies, we fed rats single meals containing one of 5 proteins (zein, wheat gluten, soy(More)
The ingestion of large neutral amino acids (LNAA), notably tryptophan, tyrosine and the branched-chain amino acids (BCAA), modifies tryptophan and tyrosine uptake into brain and their conversion to serotonin and catecholamines, respectively. The particular effect reflects the competitive nature of the transporter for LNAA at the blood–brain barrier. For(More)
Immunoreactive levels of vasopressin (VP) and oxytocin (OT) were quantitated in the rat pineal gland in the middle of August, when nonapeptide levels have been reported to peak annually. The pineal levels of both VP and OT were found to be substantially elevated when sampled in August, compared to sampling in July and September. mRNA levels for OT and VP in(More)
Fluoxetine and trifluoromethylphenylpiperazine (TFMPP) were studied for their short-term effects on electroencephalographic sleep in male rats. Following single injection, each drug produced a sizeable, dose-related suppression of rapid-eye-movement (REM) sleep that persisted for 4-5 h (fluoxetine, 0.625-5 mg/kg; TFMPP, 0.10-1.25 mg/kg). TFMPP also(More)
Comparative analyses were made of the immunohistochemical and biochemical distributions of three prosomatostatin-derived peptides (PSDP) in human, perfused monkey, and unperfused monkey neocortex. The PSDP we examined were the tetradecapeptide somatostatin 14 (SS14); the N-terminal extension of this peptide, somatostatin 28 (SS28); and somatostatin 28(1-12)(More)
Groups of young adult male rats ingested ad libitum for two weeks diets containing 2%, 5%, 10% or 20% protein. They were then killed early in the daily dark period, 30 min after receiving m-hydroxybenzylhydrazine (100 mg/kg i.p., to allow measurement of in vivo tyrosine hydroxylation rate). Tyrosine levels in retina, hypothalamus and cerebral cortex were(More)
The synthesis of neurotransmitters in mammalian brain responds rapidly to changes in precursor availability. Serotonin synthesis depends largely on the brain concentrations of L-tryptophan, its precursor amino aicd. This relationship appears to be physiologic: when brain tryptophan levels vary because of insulin secretion or meal ingestion, corresponding(More)