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In an experimental study with 18 minipigs, we have tried to establish a model for the standardized evaluation of mechanical, histological and radiological phenomena of degenerative and reparative processes within the lumbar motion segment. Comparing different operative techniques revealed that the intradiscal application of hyaluronic acid into the nuclear(More)
STUDY DESIGN A finite element model of the ligamentous cervical spinal segment was used to compute loads in various structures in response to clinically relevant loading modes. OBJECTIVE To predict biomechanical parameters, including intradisc pressure, tension in ligaments, and forces across facets that are not practical to quantify with an experimental(More)
BACKGROUND Cervical spine kinetics during airway manipulation are poorly understood. This study was undertaken to quantify the extent and distribution of segmental cervical motion produced by direct laryngoscopy and orotracheal intubation in human subjects without cervical abnormality. METHODS Ten patients without clinical or radiographic evidence of(More)
The finite element method has been used in spine biomechanics research for nearly a quarter of a century. Recent developments have made it possible to simulate a variety of clinically relevant situations in an increasingly realistic manner, elevating the finite element method into a fully complementary partnership with experimental approaches for the(More)
✓ The bone mineral density (BMD) of 99 cadaveric cervical vertebral bodies (C3-7) was determined using dual x-ray absorptiometry. The vertebral bodies were randomly assigned to receive either a unicortical (51 bodies) or bicortical (48 bodies) Caspar cervical plating screw. The initial insertion torque was measured using a digital electronic torque wrench,(More)
There exist two markedly different instrumentation systems for the anterior cervical spine: the Cervical Spine Locking Plate (CSLP) system, which uses unicortical screws with a locking hub mechanism for attachment, and the Caspar Trapezial Plate System, which is secured with unlocked bicortical screws. The biomechanical stability of these two systems was(More)
STUDY DESIGN The stabilizing potential of the Caspar Trapezial Osteosynthetic Plate was studied using unicortical and bicortical screw placement in cadaveric cervical spines. OBJECTIVE To determine if Caspar plates secured with unicortical screws provide the same degree of stability as those anchored with unlocked bicortical screws. SUMMARY OF(More)
A fully three-dimensional finite element model of a C5-C6 motion segment of the human spine was developed and validated for the purpose of investigating the biomechanical significance of uncinate processes and Luschka joints. The original intact cervical model was modified to create two additional models. The first simulated the absence of Luschka joints by(More)
One hundred twenty-five subjects in a behaviorally oriented, weight loss program that used several dietary patterns were retrospectively grouped according to the percentage of time they followed one of four dietary regimens: (a) Group 1--partial fasting, 400 kcal; (b) group 2--600 kcal; (c) group 3--1,200 to 1,500 kcal; and (d) group 4--failure to diet. The(More)