John D. Catravas

Learn More
BACKGROUND Pulmonary capillary endothelium-bound (PCEB) angiotensin-converting ectoenzyme (ACE) activity alteration is an early, sensitive, and quantifiable lung injury index in animal models. We hypothesized that (1) PCEB-ACE alterations can be found in patients with acute lung injury (ALI) and (2) PCEB-ACE activity correlates with the severity of lung(More)
We previously reported increased monocyte/macrophage infiltration, reactive oxygen species accumulation, and nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation in mineralocorticoid (deoxycorticosterone acetate [DOCA]) hypertensive rats. We tested the hypothesis that prolonged antioxidant administration inhibits superoxide accumulation, lowers blood pressure, and(More)
We have cloned five DNA fragments (-0.32, -0.48, -1.7, -3.2, and -5.1 kb) of the 5'-flanking region of the rat inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) gene from rat genomic DNA. The functional importance of the 5'-flanking region was determined by transient expression of iNOS promoter-luciferase constructs in cultures of rat aortic smooth muscle cells. The(More)
Permeability edema is a life-threatening complication accompanying acute lung injury (ALI), severe pneumonia and the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), which can be associated with a reduced alveolar liquid clearance (ALC) capacity, a disruption of the alveolar epithelial barrier, and an increased capillary endothelial permeability. Bacterial and(More)
Polyphenolic components of green tea, such as epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), have potent anti-inflammatory properties. We previously showed that EGCG inhibits tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha)-mediated activation of the nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B) pathway, partly through inhibition of I kappa B kinase (IKK). The NF-kappa B pathway may also(More)
OBJECTIVE Postmenopausal estrogen replacement therapy lowers the incidence of cardiovascular disease, suggesting that estrogens support cardiovascular function. Estrogens dilate coronary arteries; however, little is known about the molecular basis of how estrogen affects the human coronary circulation. The cellular/molecular effects of estrogen action on(More)
OBJECTIVE We have previously shown in COS-7 cells that targeting of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) to the Golgi or plasma membrane (PM) regulates the mechanism and degree of eNOS activation. However, little is known about the functional significance of eNOS targeting in endothelial cells (ECs). The goal of the current study was to isolate these 2 pools of(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether hsp70 is elevated in the plasma of children with septic shock. DESIGN Cohort study. SETTING Two academic, tertiary pediatric intensive care units. PATIENTS Ninety-four children admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit with septic shock and 24 control children undergoing elective surgical procedures. INTERVENTIONS(More)
Both the incidence and severity of asthma in women are influenced by fluctuations in estrogen (E(2)) levels, raising the possibility that E(2)s may reduce the hyperresponsiveness that is characteristic of asthma. We examined the effect of E(2) and its downstream signaling pathways in isolated mouse bronchial and tracheal rings passively sensitized either(More)