John D.C. Lambert

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The effect of low extracellular Mg2+ concentration ([Mg2+]o) on neuronal activity was studied in rat hippocampal slices. After 20-40 min of perfusion with Mg2+-free medium, when [Mg2+]o declined to approximately 0.1-0.4 mM, spontaneous field potentials developed in the CA1 and CA3 regions, but not in the dentate gyrus. In the CA3 pyramidal cell layer, these(More)
Intracellular recordings were made from CA1 pyramidal neurones in the rat hippocampus slice preparation. The recording electrodes contained potassium acetate (4 M) with or without the quaternary lidocaine derivative, QX-314 (50 mM). Both fast (f) and slow (s) inhibitory postsynaptic potentials (IPSP) were evoked by low-frequency orthodromic stimulation. The(More)
Reduction of [Mg2+]o induced spontaneous epileptiform activity consisting of 40-100-ms bursts of population spikes in hippocampal slices. This activity disappeared from area CA1 when the connections to area CA3 were cut, but persisted in isolated minislices of area CA3. Spontaneous activity was also observed in the dentate gyrus, provided that the(More)
1. The effects of new, potent non-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists, 6,7-dinitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (DNQX) and 6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (CNQX), have been examined using intra- and extracellular recordings in the hippocampal slice preparation. In terms of potency and selectivity, the action of the two blockers was similar and(More)
Short-term depression of monosynaptic GABAergic inhibitory postsynaptic currents (IPSCs) evoked between pairs of cultured rat hippocampal neurons was investigated using dual whole cell patch-clamp recordings. Paired stimuli applied to the GABAergic neuron resulted in paired-pulse depression (PPD) of the second IPSC (IPSC2) at interpulse intervals from 25 to(More)
1. Monosynaptic gamma-aminobutyric acid-A (GABAA)-mediated inhibitory postsynaptic currents (IPSCs) were evoked in CA1 pyramidal neurons in the hippocampal slice preparation by direct stimulation of the interneurons in the presence of glutamatergic blockers and intracellular QX-314 to block GABAB-mediated postsynaptic inhibition. 2. Paired-pulse stimulation(More)
1. Intracellular recordings from hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurones revealed that EPSPs evoked by selective stimulation of the isolated afferent input to the distal third of the apical dendrites were relatively insensitive to changes in dendritic membrane potential (Vm) but amplified by depolarizations of the somatic Vm. The amplification was present at(More)
Using dual whole cell patch-clamp recordings of monosynaptic GABAergic inhibitory postsynaptic currents (IPSCs) in cultured rat hippocampal neurons, we have previously demonstrated posttetanic potentiation (PTP) of IPSCs. Tetanic stimulation of the GABAergic neuron leads to accumulation of Ca2+ in the presynaptic terminals. This enhances the probability of(More)
A slice preparation was used to study the spread of epileptiform activity in the rat entorhinal cortex. Interictal-like discharges were induced in the medial entorhinal cortex by blocking synaptic inhibition mediated via GABAA-receptors. Recorded intracellularly, these discharges consisted of an initial paroxysmal depolarizing shift followed by a variable(More)
The relationship between epileptiform events in the medial entorhinal cortex (MEC) and the dentate gyrus was investigated using a slice preparation from rat brain. Simultaneous intracellular recordings were made from neurones in layer II of the MEC and neurones in the granule cell layer of the dentate gyrus (DGC). Epileptiform activity was induced by(More)