John D. Broome

Learn More
In the biology of a cell, the central role of p53 in controlling functions such as G1/S transition (check point) and DNA damage repair, and as a trigger of apoptosis, is well established. Somatic mutations or other changes in P53 have been reported in numerous tumor types, and in some of these, they are associated with poor prognosis. In this study, we(More)
Arsenic exhibits a differential toxicity to cancer cells. At a high concentration (>5 microM), As2O3 causes acute necrosis in various cell lines. At a lower concentration (0.5-5 microm), it induces myeloid cell maturation and an arrest in metaphase, leading to apoptosis. As2O3-treated cells have features found with both tubulin-assembling enhancers (Taxol)(More)
The development of insensitivity to guinea pig serum by variant cell lines of Lymphoma 6C3HED has made it possible to examine metabolic features of the lymphoma cells which determine their response, or lack of response, to treatment by guinea pig serum in vivo. Holmquist and Kidd in previous studies from this laboratory showed that such insensitive variants(More)
L-Asparaginase in agouti serum and in extracts from Escherichia coli inhibits the early wave of mitosis occurring in rat liver approximately 30 hours after hepatectomy, but even with continued treatment of the animal the later wave at 50 hours is not inhibited. This result differs from the permanent inhibition of growth which asparaginase causes in various(More)
A NUMBER of tumors of experimental animals and of man are strongly inhibited in vivo by certain l-asparaginases (Broome, 1961, 1963, 1965, 1968a; Mashburn and Wriston, 1964). However, preparations of the enzyme from different sources vary greatly in tumor inhibitory activity. In previous work we have demonstrated 2 factors which may determine this: first,(More)
Numerous lines of mouse lymphoid tumors (13 of 22 tested) showed, with increased sensitivity, a property of normal mouse splenic lymphocytes, the potential for growth promotion in vitro by specific thiols added to standard culture media. For lymphoma L1210 (V), structure activity relationships were examined; 9 of 30 thiols promoted growth; the most active(More)
Although a few studies have reported clonal cytogenetic changes in Hodgkin's disease (HD), their correlation with histologic groups is poorly defined. This is because of insufficient numbers of clonally abnormal cases ascertained in each of these studies, an inherent problem associated with the cytogenetic studies of HD. In this report we present results of(More)
B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) is a heterogeneous lymphoid malignancy consisting of several histologic types. Alterations in proto-oncogenes caused by reciprocal chromosome translocations have been implicated in the etiology of specific histologic groups. In this study, we examined the contribution of the cell cycle inhibitor genes P15, P16, and P18 to(More)
N- and K-ras mutations at codons 12 and 13 were investigated using oligonucleotide hybridization analysis after PCR amplification and subsequent sequence analysis of the amplified DNA from the region of interest in the following prostatic primary and metastatic (met) carcinoma-derived cell lines: 1013L (primary), PC3 (bone met), DU145 (brain met), and LNCaP(More)