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We developed a bronchial provocation test (BPT) with a dry powder preparation of mannitol. The mannitol was inhaled from gelatin capsules containing 5, 10, 20, or 40 mg to a cumulative dose of 635 mg, and was delivered via an inhalator, Halermatic, or Dinkihaler device. We studied the airway sensitivity to inhaled mannitol, the repeatability of the(More)
To determine predictors for failed reduction of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS), in 50 subjects with well-controlled asthma (age 43.7 [18-69]; 22 males) taking a median dose of 1,000 microg ICS/d (100-3,600 microg/d), ICS were halved every 8 wk. Airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) to a bronchial provocation test (BPT) with histamine was measured at baseline. AHR(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate if mannitol inhalation, as a model of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB), causes mast cell activation and release of mediators of bronchoconstriction. Urinary excretion of previously identified mediators of EIB was investigated in association with mannitol-induced bronchoconstriction. Twelve asthmatic and(More)
Bronchial provocation tests that use stimuli that act indirectly to cause airway narrowing have a high specificity for identifying people with active asthma who have the potential to respond to treatment with antiinflammatory drugs. The first test to be developed was exercise and it was used to assess the efficacy of drugs such as sodium cromoglycate.(More)
The two key pathophysiologic features of asthma are bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) and airway inflammation. Symptoms and lung function are the most accessible clinical markers for the diagnosis of asthma as well as for assessing asthma control using the most effective treatment of asthma, inhaled corticosteroids (ICS). However, BHR and inflammation(More)
BACKGROUND Airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) to stimuli that cause bronchial smooth muscle (BSM) contraction indirectly through the release of endogenous mediators is thought to reflect airway inflammation more closely compared with AHR measured by stimuli that act directly on BSM. METHODS Fifty-three adult non-smoking asthmatics (28 females, 18-56 years)(More)
AIMS To determine if indirect testing for bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) to monitor inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) treatment in asthma is feasible and acceptable in primary care. METHODS Fourteen adult patients with asthma aged 22-70 years (4M:10F, forced expiratory volume in 1 s >70% predicted) taking ICS performed a test for BHR using mannitol on(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to investigate whether treatment using inhaled corticosteroids decreases airway responsiveness to inhaled mannitol in asthmatic subjects. METHODOLOGY Before treatment or a change in treatment with inhaled corticosteroids, 18 asthmatic subjects had measurements of lung function and airway sensitivity to mannitol taken and(More)
BACKGROUND Methacholine hyperresponsiveness is prevalent in elite athletes. Comparative studies have hitherto been limited to methacholine, eucapnic voluntary hyperpnoea and exercise. This study investigated airway responsiveness to these stimuli as well as to adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP) and mannitol, in 58 cross-country ski athletes. METHODS Exhaled(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To compare the sensitivity and validity of mannitol, histamine, and cold air challenges to demonstrate the effect of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) in asthma. DESIGN A prospective study. PARTICIPANTS Seventeen patients with recently diagnosed, steroid-naive asthma who fulfilled the diagnostic criteria of Finnish Social Insurance(More)