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Hydrodynamic conditions control two interlinked parameters; mass transfer and drag, and will, therefore, significantly influence many of the processes involved in biofilm development. The goal of this research was to determine the effect of flow velocity and nutrients on biofilm structure. Biofilms were grown in square glass capillary flow cells under(More)
OBJECTIVE Disasters are associated with increased risk of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depression, but no study, to the authors' knowledge, has determined whether genotype interacts with disaster exposure and social support to moderate risk of these phenotypes. The authors tested the hypothesis that a polymorphism in the serotonin(More)
Perceived health (PH) is a subjective measure of global health of individuals. While many studies have evaluated outcomes in patients with primary immune deficiency (PID), published literature evaluating PH among patients with PID is sparse. We evaluated the results of the largest self-reported survey of patients with PID to determine the factors that may(More)
Two of the factors, shear erosion and diffusive mass transfer, which limit the growth of heterogeneous biofilms are considered. For permeable beds of particulates, with a regulated throughflow, equating shear induced erosion and biofilm growth, leads to estimates of biofilm thickness and activity which conform with experimental measurements. In the more(More)
Bacteria attached to surfaces in biofilms are responsible for the contamination of industrial processes and many types of microbial infections and disease. Once established, biofilms are notoriously difficult to eradicate. A more complete understanding of how biofilms form and behave is crucial if we are to predict, and ultimately control, biofilm(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors conducted a pilot study to develop preliminary data on the frequency of cytochrome P450-2D6 (CYP2D6) genotypes in state psychiatric hospital patients and to establish population sizes needed to determine potential clinical relevance in therapeutic outcome. METHOD One hundred consecutive inpatients at Eastern State Hospital in(More)
The Philadelphia chromosome−negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) myelofibrosis (MF), polycythemia vera (PV), and essential thrombocythemia (ET) negatively affect patient quality of life (QoL) and are associated with increased risk of mortality. The MPN Landmark survey was conducted from May to July 2014 in patients with MF, PV, or ET under active(More)
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