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The physical properties (rheology) of biofilms will determine the shape and mechanical stability of the biofilm structure and consequently affect both mass transfer and detachment processes. Biofilm viscoelasticity is also thought to increase fluid energy losses in pipelines. Yet there is very little information on the rheology of intact biofilms. This is(More)
Mixed-species biofilms, consisting of Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Pseudomonas fluorescens and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, were grown in glass flow cells under either laminar or turbulent flow. The biofilms grown in laminar flow consisted of roughly circular-shaped microcolonies separated by water channels. In contrast, biofilm(More)
Hydrodynamic conditions control two interlinked parameters; mass transfer and drag, and will, therefore, significantly influence many of the processes involved in biofilm development. The goal of this research was to determine the effect of flow velocity and nutrients on biofilm structure. Biofilms were grown in square glass capillary flow cells under(More)
Detachment from biofilms is an important consideration in the dissemination of infection and the contamination of industrial systems but is the least-studied biofilm process. By using digital time-lapse microscopy and biofilm flow cells, we visualized localized growth and detachment of discrete cell clusters in mature mixed-species biofilms growing under(More)
Mixed population biofilms consisting of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, P. fluorescens, and Klebsiella pneumoniae were grown in a flow cell under turbulent conditions with a water flow velocity of 18 cm/s (Reynolds number, Re, =1192). After 7 days the biofilms were patchy and consisted of cell clusters and streamers (filamentous structures attached to the(More)
Fluid flow has been shown to be important in influencing biofilm morphology and causing biofilms to flow over surfaces in flow cell experiments. However, it is not known whether similar effects may occur in porous media. Generally, it is assumed that the primary transport mechanism for biomass in porous media is through convection, as suspended particulates(More)
Sets of time lapse sequences (movies) of pseudomonad cells attaching in each of six flowcells operated at Reynolds numbers from 96-2220 were obtained over a 3-d period. The interval between images varied between 1 s and 24 min, which allowed a range of different cell behaviours to be observed. The rate of accumulation of the cells on the surface was(More)
The effect of flowrate and Reynolds Number, Re, on the spatial distribution of individual Pseudomonas aeruginosa cells during their initial attachment to glass flowcells was observed in a series of time-lapse images obtained over a 56-h period. It was shown that flow affected the distribution at Re > 245. Under laminar flow conditions, Re = 96, the(More)
The relationship between biofilm formation and Reynolds number in laminar flow has been investigated usingPseudomonas fluorescens EX101. It was shown using a Modified Robbins Device that in laminar flow, numbers of viable cells in a developed biofilm increased with Reynolds number (Re 2, 17 and 51.5), as would be expected in a system where molecular(More)