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Recent evidence indicates that Pseudomonas aeruginosa residing as biofilms in airway mucus of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients is undergoing anaerobic metabolism, a form of growth requiring gene products that are not utilized during aerobic growth. The outer membrane protein, OprF, and the rhl quorum sensing circuit are two previously unrecognized cellular(More)
BACKGROUND Linaclotide has been proposed as a treatment for the same gastrointestinal indications for which lubiprostone has been approved, chronic idiopathic constipation and irritable bowel syndrome with constipation. Stressors damage the epithelial cell barrier and cellular homeostasis leading to loss of these functions. Effects of active linaclotide on(More)
When gastric microsomes were purified from resting and stimulated rabbit mucosae, they were found to be generally similar in (H+ + K+)-ATPase activity, peptide composition in single-dimension sodium dodecyl sulfate-gel electrophoresis, and in size. In the stimulated vesicles, optimal proton transport activity was found at pH 7.4, 20-50 mM KCl, and 1 mM(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the mechanism of action of SPI-0211 (lubiprostone), a novel bicyclic fatty acid in development for the treatment of bowel dysfunction. Adult rabbit intestine was shown to contain mRNA for ClC-2 using RT-PCR, Northern blot analysis, and in situ hybridization. T84 cells grown to confluence on permeable supports were(More)
1. The CIC-2 Cl- channels are present in the adult human lung epithelia and, therefore, are a potential target for therapy in cystic fibrosis. 2. Activators of CIC-2 Cl- channels that may have physiological relevance include activation by reduced external pH, protein kinase A and arachidonic acid. 3. Activators of CIC-2 Cl- channels that have therapeutic(More)
In clinical trials, methadone, but not morphine, appeared to prevent beneficial effects of lubiprostone, a ClC-2 Cl− channel activator, on opioid-induced constipation. Effects of methadone and morphine on lubiprostone-stimulated Cl− currents were measured by short circuit current (Isc) across T84 cells. Whole cell patch clamp of human ClC-2 (hClC-2) stably(More)
cDNA encoding a Cl- channel was isolated from a rabbit gastric library, sequenced, and expressed in Xenopus oocytes. The predicted protein (898 amino acids, relative molecular mass 98,433 Da) was overall 93% similar to the rat brain ClC-2 Cl- channel. However, a 151-amino acid stretch toward the COOH-terminus was 74% similar to ClC-2 with six amino acids(More)
An HEK-293 cell line stably expressing the human recombinant ClC-2 Cl(-) channel was used in patch-clamp studies to study its regulation. The relative permeability P(x)/P(Cl) calculated from reversal potentials was I(-) > Cl(-) = NO(3)(-) = SCN(-)>/=Br(-). The absolute permeability calculated from conductance ratios was Cl(-) = Br(-) = NO(3)(-) >/= SCN(-) >(More)
5,10,15,20-Tetraphenyl-21H,23H-porphine manganese (III) chloride [TPPMn(III)] is a positively charged lipophilic anion carrier that is widely used as a Cl- sensor. TPPMn(III) increased anion permeability of cultured mouse lung epithelial (MLE) cells as measured by short-circuit current (ISC) to a level similar to that induced by forskolin analogues. Anion(More)