John Cuppoletti

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The purpose of this study was to determine the mechanism of action of SPI-0211 (lubiprostone), a novel bicyclic fatty acid in development for the treatment of bowel dysfunction. Adult rabbit intestine was shown to contain mRNA for ClC-2 using RT-PCR, Northern blot analysis, and in situ hybridization. T84 cells grown to confluence on permeable supports were(More)
An HEK-293 cell line stably expressing the human recombinant ClC-2 Cl(-) channel was used in patch-clamp studies to study its regulation. The relative permeability P(x)/P(Cl) calculated from reversal potentials was I(-) > Cl(-) = NO(3)(-) = SCN(-)>/=Br(-). The absolute permeability calculated from conductance ratios was Cl(-) = Br(-) = NO(3)(-) >/= SCN(-) >(More)
Recent evidence indicates that Pseudomonas aeruginosa residing as biofilms in airway mucus of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients is undergoing anaerobic metabolism, a form of growth requiring gene products that are not utilized during aerobic growth. The outer membrane protein, OprF, and the rhl quorum sensing circuit are two previously unrecognized cellular(More)
cDNA encoding a Cl- channel was isolated from a rabbit gastric library, sequenced, and expressed in Xenopus oocytes. The predicted protein (898 amino acids, relative molecular mass 98,433 Da) was overall 93% similar to the rat brain ClC-2 Cl- channel. However, a 151-amino acid stretch toward the COOH-terminus was 74% similar to ClC-2 with six amino acids(More)
A ClC-2G(2 alpha) Cl- channel was identified to be present in human lung and stomach, and a partial cDNA for this Cl- channel was cloned from a human fetal lung library. A full-length expressible human ClC-2G(2 alpha) cDNA was constructed by ligation of mutagenized expressible rabbit ClC-2G(2 alpha) cDNA with the human lung ClC-2G(2 alpha) cDNA, expressed(More)
Melittin is a 26-amino acid amphipathic polypeptide toxin from bee venom which forms anion-selective ion channels in bilayers and biological membranes under the influence of membrane potential. Melittin has been shown to interact with a number of membrane proteins. We found that melittin inhibited K+-stimulated ATP hydrolysis by the (H+ + K+) ATPase in(More)
Human ClC-2 Cl(-) (hClC-2) channels are activated by protein kinase A (PKA) and low extracellular pH(o). Both of these effects are prevented by the PKA inhibitor, myristoylated PKI. The aims of the present study were to identify the PKA phosphorylation site(s) important for PKA activation of hClC-2 at neutral and low pH(o) and to examine the relationship(More)
Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is present in acidic intracellular vesicles. Human normal and delta F508 CFTR Cl- channel characteristics at pH 7.4 and pH 4.5 were determined by fusing Xenopus laevis oocyte plasma membranes containing the expressed channels to planar lipid bilayers. At pH 7.4, both channels exhibited linear(More)
HCl secretion across the parietal cell apical secretory membrane involves the H+-K+-ATPase, the ClC-2 Cl- channel, and a K+ channel. In the present study, the cellular and subcellular distribution of ClC-2 mRNA and protein was determined in the rabbit gastric mucosa and in isolated gastric glands. ClC-2 mRNA was localized to parietal cells by in situ(More)
ClC-2 Cl- channels represent a potential target for therapy in cystic fibrosis. Key questions regarding the feasibility of using ClC-2 as a therapeutic target are addressed in the present studies, including whether the channels are present in human lung epithelia and whether activators of the channel can be identified. Two new mechanisms of activation of(More)