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When gastric microsomes were purified from resting and stimulated rabbit mucosae, they were found to be generally similar in (H+ + K+)-ATPase activity, peptide composition in single-dimension sodium dodecyl sulfate-gel electrophoresis, and in size. In the stimulated vesicles, optimal proton transport activity was found at pH 7.4, 20-50 mM KCl, and 1 mM(More)
BACKGROUND Linaclotide has been proposed as a treatment for the same gastrointestinal indications for which lubiprostone has been approved, chronic idiopathic constipation and irritable bowel syndrome with constipation. Stressors damage the epithelial cell barrier and cellular homeostasis leading to loss of these functions. Effects of active linaclotide on(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the mechanism of action of SPI-0211 (Lubiprostone), a novel bicyclic fatty acid, under development for the treatment of bowel dysfunction. Adult rabbit intestine was shown to contain mRNA for ClC-2 by RT-PCR, Northern analysis, and in situ hybridization. T84 cells grown to confluence on permeable supports were(More)
cDNA encoding a Cl- channel was isolated from a rabbit gastric library, sequenced, and expressed in Xenopus oocytes. The predicted protein (898 amino acids, relative molecular mass 98,433 Da) was overall 93% similar to the rat brain ClC-2 Cl- channel. However, a 151-amino acid stretch toward the COOH-terminus was 74% similar to ClC-2 with six amino acids(More)
Human ClC-2 Cl(-) (hClC-2) channels are activated by protein kinase A (PKA) and low extracellular pH(o). Both of these effects are prevented by the PKA inhibitor, myristoylated PKI. The aims of the present study were to identify the PKA phosphorylation site(s) important for PKA activation of hClC-2 at neutral and low pH(o) and to examine the relationship(More)
HCl secretion across mammalian gastric parietal cell apical membrane may involve Cl- channels. H(+)-K(+)-ATPase-containing membranes isolated from gastric mucosa of histamine-stimulated rabbits were fused to planar lipid bilayers. Channels were recorded with symmetric 800 mM CsCl solutions, pH 7.4. A linear current-voltage (I-V) relationship was obtained,(More)
HCl secretion across the parietal cell apical secretory membrane involves the H+-K+-ATPase, the ClC-2 Cl- channel, and a K+ channel. In the present study, the cellular and subcellular distribution of ClC-2 mRNA and protein was determined in the rabbit gastric mucosa and in isolated gastric glands. ClC-2 mRNA was localized to parietal cells by in situ(More)
Our objective was to identify and localize a K+ channel involved in gastric HCl secretion at the parietal cell secretory membrane and to characterize and compare the functional properties of native and recombinant gastric K+ channels. RT-PCR showed that mRNA for Kir2.1 was abundant in rabbit gastric mucosa with lesser amounts of Kir4.1 and Kir7.1, relative(More)
In clinical trials, methadone, but not morphine, appeared to prevent beneficial effects of lubiprostone, a ClC-2 Cl− channel activator, on opioid-induced constipation. Effects of methadone and morphine on lubiprostone-stimulated Cl− currents were measured by short circuit current (Isc) across T84 cells. Whole cell patch clamp of human ClC-2 (hClC-2) stably(More)
The parietal cell occupies a unique niche among eukaryotic cells in that it develops a proton gradient of more than 4 million-fold across the membrane of the secretory canaliculus. At rest, the cell is still able to develop a proton gradient across intracellular membranes, such that the acid compartment has a pH of less than 4. Acidification depends on the(More)