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A series of beta-carbolines were prepared and their affinities for imidazoline (I(1) and I(2)) sites evaluated. Selected compounds were also examined at alpha(2)-adrenoceptors. Some of the beta-carbolines were found to bind with high affinity to I(2)-sites and this affinity was dependent on both the planarity of the molecule and the presence of the aryl(More)
Antibiotic-producing polyketide synthases (PKSs) are enzymes responsible for the biosynthesis in Streptomyces and related filamentous bacteria of a remarkably broad range of bioactive metabolites, including antitumour aromatic compounds such as mithramycin and macrolide antibiotics such as erythromycin. The molecular basis for the selection of the starter(More)
BACKGROUND It has been proposed that Streptomyces malonyl CoA: holo acyl carrier protein transacylases (MCATs) provide a link between fatty acid and polyketide biosynthesis. Two recent studies have provided evidence that the presence of MCAT is essential for polyketide synthesis to proceed in reconstituted minimal polyketide synthases (PKSs). In contrast to(More)
In this paper, we apply Carr’s randomization approximation and the operator form of theWiener-Hopf method to double barrier options in continuous time. Each step in the resulting backward induction algorithm is solved using a simple iterative procedure that reduces the problem of pricing options with two barriers to pricing a sequence of certain perpetual(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding how complex antibiotics are synthesised by their producer bacteria is essential for creation of new families of bioactive compounds. Thiomarinols, produced by marine bacteria belonging to the genus Pseudoalteromonas, are hybrids of two independently active species: the pseudomonic acid mixture, mupirocin, which is used clinically(More)
The Pseudomonas fluorescens mupirocin biosynthetic cluster encodes six proteins involved in polyketide biosynthesis and 26 single polypeptides proposed to perform largely tailoring functions. In-frame deletions in the tailoring open reading frames demonstrated that all are required for mupirocin production. A bidirectional promoter region was identified(More)
Mutation of the HMG-CoA synthase encoding mupH gene in Pseudomonas fluorescens gives rise to a new metabolite formed from a truncated polyketide intermediate, providing in vivo evidence for the roles of mupH and cognate genes found in several "AT-less" and other bacterial PKS gene clusters responsible for the biosynthesis of diverse metabolites containing(More)
Polyketide biosynthesis involves the addition of subunits commonly derived from malonate or methylmalonate to a starter unit such as acetate. Type I polyketide synthases are multifunctional polypeptides that contain one or more modules, each of which normally contains all the enzymatic domains for a single round of extension and modification of the(More)
The solution structure of the actinorhodin acyl carrier protein (act apo-ACP) from the polyketide synthase (PKS) of Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) has been determined using 1H NMR spectroscopy, representing the first polyketide synthase component for which detailed structural information has been obtained. Twenty-four structures were generated by simulated(More)