John Creigh Kostyak

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Endomitosis is a form of mitosis in which both karyokinesis and cytokinesis are interrupted and is a hallmark of megakaryocyte differentiation. Very little is known about how such a dramatic alteration of the cell cycle in a physiological setting is achieved. Thrombopoietin-induced signaling is essential for induction of endomitosis. Here we show that(More)
Megakaryocytes are large, polyploid cells that produce platelets. We have previously reported that calcium- and integrin-binding protein 1 (CIB1) regulates endomitosis in Dami cells. To further characterize the role of CIB1 in megakaryopoiesis, we used a Cib1(-/-) mouse model. Cib1(-/-) mice have more platelets and BM megakaryocytes than wild-type (WT)(More)
The mechanisms underlying the age-dependent reversal of female cardioprotection are poorly understood and complicated by findings that estrogen replacement is ineffective at reducing cardiovascular mortality in postmenopausal women. Although several protective signals have been identified in young animals, including PKC and Akt, how these signals are(More)
OBJECTIVE Age is a leading risk factor for the development of ischaemic heart disease and failure. However, the efficacy of cardioprotective strategies designed to rescue the aged myocardium remains controversial. We have previously demonstrated increased levels of basal cardiac protein kinase Cdelta (PKCdelta) with ageing, a well-known mediator of(More)
Platelets are small anucleate cells that travel near the vessel wall during laminar flow. In response to vascular injury, platelets undergo alterations in morphology which allow them to aggregate and cover the injured site. Platelets are produced by megakaryocytes in a process that involves the formation of platelet precursors called proplatelets and(More)
BACKGROUND Prepubescent children may oxidize fatty acids more readily than adults. Therefore, dietary fat needs would be higher for children compared with adults. The dietary fat recommendations are higher for children 4 to 18 yrs (i.e., 25 to 35% of energy) compared with adults (i.e., 20 to 35% of energy). Despite this, many parents and children restrict(More)
Rates of protein synthesis are reduced in severely diabetic rats. A potential mechanism through which insulin can stimulate protein synthesis is modulation of the activity of eukaryotic initiation factor 2B (eIF2B). The activity of this factor is elevated after exercise in nondiabetic rats but is markedly lower in skeletal muscle from nonexercised severely(More)
In adult heart, selective PKCepsilon activation limits ischemia (I)-reperfusion (R) damage and mimics the protection associated with ischemic preconditioning. We sought to determine whether local delivery of PKCepsilon activator peptide psiepsilon-receptor for activated C-kinase (psiepsilon-RACK) is sufficient to produce a similarly protected phenotype in(More)
In adult heart, selective PKC activation limits ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) damage and mimics the protection associated with ischemic preconditioning. We sought to determine whether local delivery of an PKC-activator peptide ())RACK) is sufficient to produce a similarly protected phenotype in aged hearts. Langendorff-perfused hearts isolated from adult (5(More)
Megakaryocyte maturation and polyploidization are critical for platelet production; abnormalities in these processes are associated with myeloproliferative disorders, including thrombocytopenia. Megakaryocyte maturation signals through cascades that involve p21-activated kinase (Pak) function; however, the specific role for Pak kinases in megakaryocyte(More)