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Global left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction is the strongest predictor of morbidity and mortality in Chagas disease. Echocardiography is considered the gold standard for the detection of LV dysfunction, but not always available in endemic areas where chagasic cardiomyopathy is most common. Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a neurohormone that has(More)
The M-mode and two-dimensinal real-time echocardiographic findings in 10 patients with left ventricular masses are discussed. Two patients had left ventricular tumors and eight had left ventricular thrombi. In all cases the diagnosis was confirmed by angiography or surgery. The intracavitary and intramural left ventricular tumors were detected both by(More)
We studied the effect of vasodilator therapy on renal digoxin clearance in patients with chronic congestive heart failure. Intravenous administration of nitroprusside or hydralazine to eight patients with severe heart failure produced the expected increase in cardiac output and a decrease in central circulatory pressure. Renal clearance of sodium(More)
Venous retroperfusion, by arterialization of the coronary sinus or the vein accompanying an ischemic artery, has been suggested as an alternative method of myocardial revascularization in patients with severe coronary disease in whom direct revascularization would be an unacceptable risk or technically impossible. This study was carried out to assess(More)
The acute effects of nitroprusside infusion and intravenous hydralazine on renal hemodynamics and function were evaluated in nine male patients with severe, low cardiac output, congestive heart failure (CHF). Both drugs resulted in marked systemic hemodynamic improvement. Nitroprusside had a more profound effect on pulmonary artery pressure, while(More)
His bundle electrograms were obtained in 313 patients with chronic bundle branch block who were followed for a mean period of almost 3 years. The infranodal conduction time (H-Q interval) was less than 55 ms in 97 patients (Group I), 55 to 69 ms in 99 patients (Group II), and greater than or equal to 70 ms in 117 patients (Group III). There was a higher(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the present study was to evaluate in a prospective randomized fashion the electrophysiologic effects of acute biventricular (BV) pacing. We hypothesized that (1) the local coupling interval in the left ventricle in response to right-sided ventricular premature beats is prolonged when BV pacing is applied during the drive train compared(More)
BACKGROUND The wearable defibrillator (WD) can prevent sudden death in patients who are not candidates for an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). OBJECTIVES We studied outcomes of uninsured patients prescribed a WD. METHODS A consecutive series of patients were prescribed a WD because of a new onset cardiomyopathy or coronary artery(More)