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BACKGROUND Hip fracture risk rises 100 to 1000-fold over 60 years of ageing. Loss of resistance to bending is not a major feature of normal ageing of the femoral neck. Another cause of fragility is local buckling or elastic instability. Bones adapt to their local experience of mechanical loading. The suggestion that bipedalism allows thinning of the(More)
We have measured the (14)C content of human femoral mid-shaft collagen to determine the dynamics of adult collagen turnover, using the sudden doubling and subsequent slow relaxation of global atmospheric (14)C content due to nuclear bomb testing in the 1960s and 1970s as a tracer. (14)C measurements were made on bone collagen from 67 individuals of both(More)
Microstructural change associated with cortical bone remodeling has been extensively explored with 2D techniques. However, relatively little is known regarding the 3D dynamic microstructure of cortical bone. Therefore, we employed micro-CT imaging to investigate 3D remodeling-related change in the structure of cortical bone porosity across the human(More)
In recent years there has been growing interest in the spatial properties of osteocytes (including density and morphology) and how these potentially relate to adaptation, disease and aging. This interest has, in part, arisen from the availability of increasingly high-resolution 3D imaging modalities such as synchrotron radiation (SR) micro-CT. As resolution(More)
The capacity to process three-dimensional facial surfaces to objectively assess outcomes of craniomaxillofacial care is urgently required. Available surface registration techniques depart from conventional facial anthropometrics by not including anatomical relationship in their analysis. Current registrations rely on the manual selection of areas or points(More)
This study presents a technique developed for 3-D imaging and quantitative comparison of human dentitions and simulated bite marks. A sample of 42 study models and the corresponding bites, made by the same subjects in acrylic dental wax, were digitised by laser scanning. This technique allows image comparison of a 3-D dentition with a 3-D bite mark,(More)
Tomographic reconstructions of sections of human femoral bone were created from x-ray data sets taken using synchrotron radiation of 26.4 keV and with isotropic voxels 1.47 μm on a side. We demonstrate that it is possible to segment the data to isolate both the osteocyte lacunae and the Haversian canals in the bone as well as identifying osteon boundaries.(More)
Complete cross-sections from the femoral midshaft of 180 individuals of known height and weight, aged 21-97 y, from a modern Australian population were examined using automatic video image analysis to quantify total subperiosteal porosity (TSPP). More specifically, the aim was to investigate whether age changes were similar in both sexes in (1) total(More)
Hip fracture risk rises 100- to 1000-fold over six decades of age, but only a minor part of this increase is explained by declining BMD. A potentially independent cause of fragility is cortical thinning predisposing to local crushing, in which bone tissue's material disintegrates at the microscopic level when compressed beyond its capacity to maintain(More)