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1. We investigated the mechanisms regulating acid extrusion in cultured fetal rat hippocampal neurones loaded with 2',7'-bis-(2-carboxyethyl)-5-(and-6)-carboxyfluorescein. 2. In the absence of HCO3-, removal of external Na+ by substitution with N-methyl-D-glucamine caused a sustained intracellular acidification that was not observed when Na+ was replaced by(More)
Despite the popularity of Na+-binding benzofuran isophthalate (SBFI) to measure intracellular free Na+ concentrations ([Na+](i)), the in situ calibration techniques described to date do not favor the straightforward determination of all of the constants required by the standard equation (Grynkiewicz G, Poenie M, and Tsien RY. J Biol Chem 260: 3440-3450,(More)
1. Intracellular recordings were made from the somata of CA1b hippocampal pyramidal neurones in vitro and the concentration of bicarbonate ion ([HCO3-]o) in the artificial cerebrospinal fluid (ACSF) was varied by substitution for Cl-. 2. Reducing [HCO3-]o from 26 mM (standard ACSF) to 8.6 mM or raising it to 72 mM had only minor effects on resting membrane(More)
Expansion of a CAG repeat in the Huntington's disease (HD) gene results in progressive neuronal loss, particularly of striatal medium-sized spiny neurons (MSNs). Studies in human HD autopsy brain tissue, as well as cellular and animal models of HD, suggest that increased activity of NMDA-type glutamate receptors and altered mitochondrial function contribute(More)
Mechanisms that contribute to Na+ influx during and immediately after 5 min anoxia were investigated in cultured rat hippocampal neurons loaded with the Na+-sensitive fluorophore sodium-binding benzofuran isophthalate. During anoxia, an influx of Na+ in the face of reduced Na+,K+-ATPase activity caused a rise in [Na+]i. After the return to normoxia,(More)
We have used microelectrophoretic and intravenous administration of drugs to rat spinal cord neurones in vivo and bath application to rat cortical wedges in vitro to evaluate MK-801 and other phencyclidine (PCP) receptor ligands as N-methylaspartate (NMA) antagonists, paying particular regard to the possible use-dependent nature of their action. MK-801,(More)
We report the isolation of a cDNA clone corresponding to a transcript that is accumulated differentially in rat intestine during development. Clone OCI-5 was selected from the rat intestinal cell line IEC-18, which represents primitive intestinal epithelial crypt cells. Expression was high in rat fetal intestine between 15 and 19 days of development and(More)
The effects of changes in extra- and intracellular pH (pHo and pHi, respectively) on potentials mediated by the influx of Ca2+ ions were investigated in intracellular "current-clamp" recordings from CA1 pyramidal neurons in rat hippocampal slices. In neurons which exhibited a "regular-spiking" discharge in response to depolarizing current injection at pH(More)
1. The effects of changes in extra- and intracellular pH (pHo and pHi, respectively) on depolarization-evoked rises in intracellular free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) and the activity of a Ca2+-dependent K+ channel were investigated in cultured fetal rat hippocampal neurones. 2. In neurones loaded with 2', 7'-bis-(2-carboxyethyl)-5-(and(More)
1. Intracellular recordings were obtained from CA1 pyramidal neurones in rat hippocampal slices. Perfusion with a HCO3(-)-CO2-free, HEPES-buffered medium at pH 7.4 produced a wide variety of reversible effects on neuronal excitability, compared to responses obtained under standard (21 mM-HCO3-, 5% CO2, pH 7.4) conditions. 2. Introduction of HCO3(-)-CO2-free(More)