John Christopher Walsh

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OBJECTIVES Many questionnaires on adherence to antiretroviral therapy are in use, but the validity of patients' responses has not been tested. The Medication Adherence Self-Report Inventory (MASRI) has been developed and tested for its validity against objective measures and treatment outcome. DESIGN Prospective study comparing questionnaire responses(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate life expectancy for people with HIV undergoing treatment compared with life expectancy in the general population and to assess the impact on life expectancy of late treatment, defined as CD4 count <200 cells/mm(3) at start of antiretroviral therapy. DESIGN Cohort study. SETTING Outpatient HIV clinics throughout the United Kingdom.(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study is to estimate life expectancies of HIV-positive patients conditional on response to antiretroviral therapy (ART). METHODS Patients aged more than 20 years who started ART during 2000-2010 (excluding IDU) in HIV clinics contributing to the UK CHIC Study were followed for mortality until 2012. We determined the latest(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify a definition of presentation after clinical or immunological disease progression that will reliably identify an individual at high risk of mortality over the first 3 months after HIV diagnosis and that can be adopted as a basis for comparing over time and regions. DESIGN An observational cohort study. METHODS Individuals seen for(More)
The objective of the study was to define common reasons for non-adherence (NA) to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and the number of reasons reported by non-adherent individuals. A confidential questionnaire was administered to HIV-seropositive patients taking proteinase inhibitor based HAART. Median self-reported adherence was 95% (n = 178,(More)
Table of contents 1.0 Introduction 2.0 Methodology 2.1 Basing recommendations on evidence 2.2 Implications for research 2.3 Use of surrogate marker data 2.4 Issues concerning design and analysis of clinical trials 2.4.1 Trial designs 2.4.2 Viral load outcome measures 2.4.3 Noninferiority 2.4.4 Cross-study comparisons and presentation of data 2.5 Adverse(More)
AIM To calculate use, cost and cost-effectiveness of people living with HIV (PLHIV) starting routine treatment and care before starting combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) and PLHIV starting first-line 2NRTIs+NNRTI or 2NRTIs+PI(boosted), comparing PLHIV with CD4≤200 cells/mm3 and CD4>200 cells/mm3. Few studies have calculated the use, cost and(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the incidence of, and risk factors for, tuberculosis among HIV clinic attendees in the United Kingdom. DESIGN AND METHODS Observational cohort study of 27 868 individuals in the United Kingdom Collaborative HIV Cohort collaboration, 1996-2005. RESULTS Among individuals not taking combination antiretroviral therapy (cART),(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated whether the rate of viral rebound decreases with increasing duration of viral suppression and, if so, whether rebound rates in patients previously failing antiretroviral regimens ultimately decline to levels as low as those seen in patients who have never experienced virological failure. METHODS All patients from the UK CHIC(More)