John Christopher Andrzejowski

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UNLABELLED How does physiological sleep affect the Bispectral Index (BIS)? We collected electroencephalographic (EEG) data from five subjects during the early part of the night, comparing the changes in the BIS with the conventional EEG stages of sleep. We found that the BIS was a consistent marker of depth of sleep. Light sleep occurred at BIS values of(More)
Eight patients were given a propofol infusion until they no longer responded to loud verbal stimuli, a sedation score of two (modified Observer Assessment of Alertness and Sedation Scale). After receiving 15 microg of intravenous epinephrine, changes in sedation score and bispectral index (BIS) were observed. Mean pulse rate increased from 68 to 96 (SD 10)(More)
BACKGROUND Inadvertent perioperative hypothermia (IPH) occurs in many patients because warming techniques are insufficient to counteract thermal redistribution resulting from the ablation of thermoregulatory vasoconstriction associated with anaesthesia. We tested the efficiency of a preoperative forced-air warming (FAW) device (Bair Paws) in preventing IPH.(More)
BACKGROUND Novel laryngoscopes may demonstrate advantages over the traditional Macintosh laryngoscope for difficult airways. Our study compared Glidescope laryngoscope, Bonfils fibrescope, and CTrach intubating laryngeal mask airway with the Macintosh laryngoscope in a simulated normal and difficult airway, considering the additional effect of previous(More)
bacterial spinal epidural abscesses using computed tomography and nonsurgical treatment in selected patients. Ann Neurol 1985; 17: 350–5 16 Hanigan WC, Asner NG, Elwood PW. Magnetic resonance imaging and the nonoperative treatment of spinal epidural abscess. Surg Neurol 1990; 34: 408–13 17 Mampalam TJ, Rosegay H, Andrews BT, Rosenblum ML, Pitts LH.(More)
The Laryngotracheal Instillation of Topical Anaesthetic (LITA) tracheal tube has an additional pilot tube through which local anaesthetic can be instilled into the larynx via 10 small holes above and below the cuff We studied 40 patients undergoing supratentorial craniotomy. They were premedicated with two oral doses of propranolol 1 mg.kg(-1). The(More)
We compared the effect of delivering fluid warmed using two methods in 76 adult patients having short duration surgery. All patients received a litre of crystalloid delivered either at room temperature, warmed using an in-line warming device or pre-warmed in a warming cabinet for at least 8 h. The tympanic temperature of those receiving fluid at room(More)