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Wnt genes have been implicated in a range of developmental processes in the mouse including the patterning of the central nervous system and limbs. Reported here for the first time is the expression of Wnt2 in the early heart field of 7.5-8.5 dpc (days post-coitum) mouse embryos, making Wnt2 a potentially useful gene marker for the early stages of heart(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with faecal incontinence in whom conservative treatment fails, options are limited for those with a functionally deficient but morphologically intact sphincter. We investigated the effect of sacral nerve stimulation on continence and quality of life. METHODS In this multicentre prospective trial, 37 patients underwent a test(More)
INTRODUCTION Sacral nerve stimulation for the treatment of faecal incontinence has gained increasing use in Europe over the last two years. Experience with the first patients treated in Denmark is described here. MATERIAL AND METHODS Fourteen patients with severe faecal incontinence were given sacral nerve stimulation. The first treatment was temporary,(More)
Drosophila patched is a segment polarity gene required for the correct patterning of larval segments and imaginal discs during fly development and has a close functional relationship with hedgehog. We have isolated a complete human PATCHED cDNA sequence, which encodes a putative protein of 1296 amino acids, and displays 39% identity and 60% similarity to(More)
PURPOSE Patients with end-stage fecal incontinence in whom all standard medical and surgical treatment has failed or is not expected to be effective can be treated by dynamic graciloplasty. The aim of this study was to review the long-term efficacy data. METHODS Success was defined as a greater than 50 percent decrease in the frequency of incontinent(More)
After repair of incisional hernia, 154 patients were followed up for periods ranging from 4 to 10 years. An actuarial analysis showed a cumulated recurrence rate of 31%, with most recurrences appearing in the first three years. The recurrence rate after repair of recurrent incisional hernia was 44%. A cautious attitude to surgical treatment of incisional(More)
PURPOSE Dynamic graciloplasty can improve continence in patients with severe refractory fecal incontinence, but associated morbidity is high. The purpose of this study was to identify complications associated with dynamic graciloplasty and to characterize their treatment and impact on patient outcome. METHODS In 121 patients enrolled in a prospective(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Dynamic muscle plasty has been advocated as therapy for refractory fecal incontinence and for anorectal reconstruction to avoid colostomy after abdominoperineal resection. This study evaluates the results of a multicenter experience with dynamic muscle plasty in the treatment of fecal incontinence and total anal reconstruction. METHODS(More)
PURPOSE Dynamic graciloplasty has been used for intractable fecal incontinence, and good results have been reported. The aim of this study was to assess prospectively the safety and efficacy of dynamic graciloplasty for intractable fecal incontinence in a prospective, multicenter trial. METHODS A total of 123 adults were treated with dynamic graciloplasty(More)
Wnt genes encode a set of structurally related cell surface glycoproteins that appear to have roles in cell-cell signalling. The ectopic expression of several murine Wnt genes has been implicated in the transformation of mammary epithelial and the onset of mammary tumours. Wnt11 is expressed in the developing embryo in a variety of structures including the(More)