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OBJECTIVE The goal of this project was to determine whether screening different groups of elderly individuals in a general or specialty practice would be beneficial in detecting dementia. BACKGROUND Epidemiologic studies of aging and dementia have demonstrated that the use of research criteria for the classification of dementia has yielded three groups of(More)
OBJECTIVE To update the 1994 practice parameter for the diagnosis of dementia in the elderly. BACKGROUND The AAN previously published a practice parameter on dementia in 1994. New research and clinical developments warrant an update of some aspects of diagnosis. METHODS Studies published in English from 1985 through 1999 were identified that addressed(More)
Detection thresholds to warming and cooling were measured in 13 regions of the body in 60 adults aged between 18 and 88 years. From these thresholds were constructed maps of thermal sensitivity homologous to body maps of spatial acuity (in the older literature two-point discrimination), long known to the somatosensory scientist. Maps of cold and warm(More)
Olfactory thresholds of elderly persons (over 65 years) average one to two orders of magnitude higher than those of young adults (under 30 years). Past studies reveal enormous spreads (typically about three orders of magnitude) of individual thresholds within each age group and extensive overlap between the two groups--enough to question how typically(More)
Spatial acuity of the touch sense and its variation in aging came under psychophysical scrutiny at the fingertip and control body sites. Acuity is viewed as encompassing the discrimination of four features of simple stimulus configurations: (11) discontinuity (gaps in lines or disks), (2) locus on the skin, (3) length (or area), and (4) orientation (e.g.,(More)
Spatial acuity over 13 regions of the body was assessed cross-sectionally in 122 male and female subjects between 8 and 87 years of age. Of two measures, the primary one was a threshold for detecting a gap between two points (a refinement of the conventional two-point threshold). The secondary one was a threshold of point localization in 7 of these 13 body(More)
The sweetness of sucrose depends on the temperature as well as the concentration of a solution. The main effect is that relatively low concentrations gain sweetness as temperature increases. This effect diminishes with progressively higher concentration and finally becomes negligible at about 0.5 M. At this concentration the various functions that relate(More)
Three types of measurement were employed to assess the effects of aging on nasal irritation (common chemical sense). These were measurement of detection threshold of CO2 mixed with air, measurement of the threshold concentration of CO2 that causes a transient reflex apnea, and measurement of the suprathreshold perceived strength of five levels of CO2 by the(More)
Among 65 patients with necrotizing vasculitis, 45 had systemic and 20 had nonsystemic vasculitic neuropathy. In nonsystemic vasculitic neuropathy, clinically only nerves are affected; there are no, or few, constitutional symptoms or serological abnormalities. The clinical and pathological features are those of an ischaemic neuropathy caused by a necrotizing(More)