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Eight World Health Organization (WHO) feeding indicators (FIs) and Demographic and Health Survey data for children <24 months were used to assess the relationship of child feeding with stunting and underweight in 14 poor countries. Also assessed were the correlations of FI with country gross national income (GNI). Prevalence of underweight and stunting(More)
Vitamin A-depleted pregnant rats were fed diets containing 0, 1, 10 or 100 retinol equivalents (REq)/d during gestation. Maternal tissues of these dams, their placentas and fetuses were assayed for total vitamin A (retinol and its esters) at gestational ages 10, 13, 16 or 19 d. The vitamin A concentrations in placenta and fetuses of dams fed 10 REq/d were(More)
We identified several low-abundance proteins of bovine colostrum and mature milk using the immunoabsorption technique and two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) followed by microsequencing and mass spectrometry. Two major milk proteins, beta-casein and immunoglobulin G (IgG), were effectively removed from the milk using immunoabsorbents. Milk samples before(More)
We assessed eight World Health Organization (WHO) core child feeding indicators for their association with stunting and underweight in Cambodia in 2000 and 2005. We compared the feeding data from the Cambodian Demographic and Health Surveys for 2000 with 2005 for 0-24 months children using the WHO feeding indicators, with stunting and underweight as(More)
Edible oil is an important element in the diet of most transitional countries; nevertheless, little is known about the fatty acid composition of these oils. We examined the consumption of edible oils and the fatty acid composition of these oils obtained from a market survey conducted in seven Chinese provinces and in Beijing. Three days of measured(More)
The calcium, zinc, and iron bioavailabilities of human milk with commercial and noncommercial human milk fortifiers (HMFs) were evaluated under a variety of conditions: peptic digestion at pH 2 and pH 4, supplementation of ascorbic acid, and addition of three calcium salts. The noncommercial HMFs consisted of casein phosphopeptides (CPPs),(More)
Although dietary intake of vitamin A has little, if any, overall effect on blood retinol in generally well-nourished populations, subgroups may exist that would be responsive to supplementation. The hypothesis that vitamin A supplementation increases blood retinol in apparently well-fed individuals with lower than usual blood levels was tested in female(More)
The rise in serum vitamin A 5 h after a 450 microgram oral dose of the vitamin (retinyl palmitate) was used to assess vitamin A nutriture in patients with alcoholic cirrhosis. The test was carried out on 21 hospitalized male patients and 12 normal age and sex-matched control subjects. The relative dose response (RDR), expressed as percentage, was calculated(More)