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We have recently reported that certain ribosylated polyhalogenated benzimidazoles are potent and selective inhibitors of HCMV replication at noncytotoxic concentrations. To extend the structure-activity relationship beyond these first-generation compounds, we alkylated 5,6-dichloro-2-substituted-benzimidazoles with either a series of substituted benzyl(More)
Benzimidazole nucleosides have been shown to be potent inhibitors of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) replication in vitro. As part of the exploration of structure-activity relationships within this series, we synthesized the 2-isopropylamino derivative (3322W93) of 1H-beta-D-ribofuranoside-2-bromo-5,6-dichlorobenzimidazole (BDCRB) and the biologically(More)
Although the virus yield reduction assay is a powerful technique for evaluating the efficacy of antiviral compounds, it is not routinely utilized due to its labor-intensive nature. This procedure was modified, developed, thereby reducing greatly the time and effort required to perform yield reduction assays. Monolayer cultures of mammalian cells were grown(More)
The neplanocin A analogs, 3-deazaneplanocin A, 9-(trans-2',trans-3'-dihydroxycyclopent-4'-enyl)adenine (DHCA), and 9-(trans-2',trans-3'-dihydroxycyclopent-4'-enyl)-3-deazaadenine (DHCDA), all potent inhibitors of S-adenosylhomocysteine (AdoHcy) hydrolase, were studied for their broad-spectrum antiviral potential. 3-Deazaneplanocin A, DHCA, and DHCDA proved(More)
In vitro evaluation of a series of previously prepared tubercidin analogues revealed that certain 5-halogen-substituted analogues were active against human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) at concentrations lower than those that produced comparable cytotoxicity in uninfected cells. In contrast, tubercidin was cytotoxic at all antiviral concentrations. Even though the(More)
Inhibition of DNA synthesis by ara-sangivamycin was antagonized by adenosine. The 50% inhibitory concentrations increased 1.6- to 32-fold in the presence of 1.0 to 50 microM adenosine, respectively. In contrast, the inhibition of human cytomegalovirus replication by ara-sangivamycin was not antagonized by as much as 50 microM adenosine. This suggests that(More)
1-(beta-D-Ribofuranosyl)-2,5,6-trichlorobenzimidazole (TCRB) and its 2-bromo analog, BDCRB, are potent and selective inhibitors of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) DNA processing and packaging. Since they are readily metabolized in vivo, analogs were synthesized to improve biostability. One of these,(More)
2-Bromo-5,6-dichloro-1-beta-D-ribofuranosyl benzimidazole (BDCRB) is a member of a new class of benzimidazole ribonucleosides which inhibit human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) late in the replication cycle without inhibiting viral DNA synthesis. We show here that polygenomic concatemeric HCMV DNA does not mature to unit genome length in the presence of BDCRB. To(More)