John Chanchiang Chen

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OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effects of cariporide on all-cause mortality or myocardial infarction at 36 days in patients at risk of myocardial necrosis after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. METHODS In the coronary artery bypass graft cohort of the GUARD During Ischemia Against Necrosis trial, patients > or =18 years who required urgent coronary(More)
PURPOSE Intravitreal ranibizumab injections currently are the standard treatment for neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). However, a broad range of response rates have been observed, the reasons for which are poorly understood. This pharmacogenetic study evaluated the impact of high-risk alleles in CFH, ARMS2, VEGFA, vascular endothelial(More)
The dopamine transporter (DAT) is a principal regulator of dopaminergic neurotransmission and its gene (the SLC6A3) is a strong biological candidate gene for various behavioral- and neurological disorders. Intense investigation of the link between the SLC6A3 polymorphisms and behavioral phenotypes yielded inconsistent and even contradictory results.(More)
CONTEXT Inflammation and ischemia-reperfusion injury during coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery requiring cardiopulmonary bypass are associated with postoperative myocardial infarction (MI) and mortality. OBJECTIVE To determine the efficacy and safety of pexelizumab, a C5 complement inhibitor, in reducing perioperative MI and mortality in CABG(More)
PURPOSE To validate known and determine new predictors of non-response to ranibizumab in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and to incorporate these factors into a prediction rule. METHODS This multicenter, observational cohort study included 391 patients treated with ranibizumab for neovascular AMD. We performed genetic(More)
BACKGROUND During cardiac surgery requiring cardiopulmonary bypass, pro-inflammatory complement pathways are activated by exposure of blood to bio-incompatible surfaces of the extracorporeal circuit and reperfusion of ischemic organs. Complement activation promotes the generation of additional inflammatory mediators thereby exacerbating tissue injury. We(More)
OBJECTIVE The previous Pexelizumab for Reduction of Infarction and Mortality in Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery I (PRIMO-CABG I) trial (n = 3099) indicated that C5 complement inhibition with pexelizumab might reduce myocardial infarction (MI) and postoperative mortality. PRIMO-CABG II was designed to investigate the safety and efficacy of terminal(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the health economic impact of perioperative myocardial infarction in a cohort of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. DESIGN Retrospective cohort analysis using data from hospital bills and uniform billing forms. SETTING A total of 147 geographically diverse hospitals in the United States. PATIENTS The study(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Pharmacological modulation of complement activation recently has been postulated as a therapeutic target in the treatment of neurological injury. We hypothesized that pexelizumab, a humanized scFv monoclonal antibody directed against the C5 complement component, would limit deficits in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft(More)
BACKGROUND Morbidity and mortality after coronary artery bypass graft surgery are directly related to specific preoperative risk factors. We assessed the influence of preoperative risk factors on the effect of pexelizumab, a C5 complement inhibitor, to reduce postoperative morbidity and mortality in this post hoc analysis of the Pexelizumab for Reduction in(More)