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We present simple modifications of the classic Z-scan technique for the investigations of nonlinear chiroptical effects, i.e. nonlinear circular birefringence and two-photon circular dichroism. Two methods for studying these effects: a "polarimetric Z-scan" and a "polarization modulated Zscan" are described in detail. These techniques were applied to(More)
The remarkable electronic properties of graphene strongly depend on the thickness and geometry of graphene stacks. This wide range of electronic tunability is of fundamental interest and has many applications in newly proposed devices. Using the mid-infrared, magneto-optical Kerr effect, we detect and identify over 18 interband cyclotron resonances (CR)(More)
A number of researchers are attempting to develop a biosensor based on terahertz sensing. Key to the realization of any biosensor system is the access of the target molecules to the sensor. In the case of using terahertz spectroscopy, there are limitations due to high attenuation by water and sensitivity levels. In order to have a significant response at(More)
Investigation of magnetic materials using the first-order magneto-optical Kerr effects (MOKEs) is well established and is frequently used. On the other hand, the utilization of the second-order (or quadratic) magneto-optical (MO) effects for the material research is rather rare. This is due to the small magnitude of quadratic MO signals and the fact that(More)
We propose a biosensor based on the change of terahertz (THz) dielectric response when a biotarget binds to a probe. The feasibility of this biosensor is examined by studying the change of THz transmission for thin films of heme proteins myoglobin (Mb) and cytochrome C (CytC) as a function oxygen binding. We measure a strong increase in both the index and(More)
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