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A classification of the edentulous jaws has been developed based on a randomised cross-sectional study from a sample of 300 dried skulls. It was noted that whilst the shape of the basalar process of the mandible and maxilla remains relatively stable, changes in shape of the alveolar process is highly significant in both the vertical and horizontal axes. In(More)
When considering preprosthetic surgery of the edentulous jaws, it is important that the clinician fully understands the anatomical consequences of reduction of the residual ridges. Based on a classification of the edentulous jaws, changes in the relationship of the jaws to each other, in muscle relations and function, in the oral mucosa and in facial(More)
The vascularized iliac crest graft with internal oblique muscle as a method of reconstruction after maxillectomy has been used routinely at the Regional Maxillofacial Unit in Liverpool since 1993. Twenty-four consecutive operations have now been done and this paper reports an audit of our experience. An analysis of case-notes was made retrospectively after(More)
The medium-term results of 12 patients that underwent reconstruction of the severely resorbed maxilla are reported. The method described entails a two-step procedure including Le Fort I osteotomy and grafting of the floor of the sinus and nose with particulate bone and hydroxyapatite (HA). The implants were placed in a second procedure. A 5% failure rate(More)
Current management of oral cancer following tumour resection includes reconstruction of the surgical defect with free vascularized flaps and rehabilitation of orofacial form and function with the aid of endosteal implants. The choice of flap for reconstruction influences the use of implants, and further hard- and soft-tissue surgery is frequently required(More)
The role of endosseous implants in oral rehabilitation following ablation of oral tumours is established, however the oncological review of these patients has rarely been discussed in the literature. We describe two cases where second primary malignancy in the peri-implant tissues necessitated further major resections. In both cases, the initial clinical(More)
  • J I Cawood
  • The British journal of oral & maxillofacial…
  • 1985
Small plate osteosynthesis has been evaluated by comparing 50 successive cases of mandibular fracture treated by this technique alone with 50 successive cases of mandibular fracture treated by intermaxillary fixation. The plates show considerable advantages over other forms of fixation in that they are small, malleable and easy to insert. Furthermore, they(More)
Ablative surgery of the oral tissues may result in significant facial deformity, poor oral function, and psychologic detriment. Immediate surgical reconstruction with vascularized free flaps has become increasingly popular, but the oral rehabilitation of these patients with conventional dental prostheses is usually unsuccessful. The results and clinical(More)
There are several validated health-related quality of life (HRQOL) questionnaires designed to record patient-derived outcomes in head and neck cancer. None deals specifically with oral rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to pilot a new questionnaire, the Liverpool Oral Rehabilitation Questionnaire (LORQ). The questionnaire consists of 25 items about(More)
BACKGROUND Since the first version of the Liverpool Oral Rehabilitation Questionnaire (LORQ) was first published in 2004, the questionnaire has been modified to include more detail on chewing and appearance, and also details of denture, dental and implant status. AIM The aim of this study is to report the ongoing development and validation of the LORQ(More)