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We describe a method for automatically building statistical shape models from a training set of example boundaries/surfaces. These models show considerable promise as a basis for segmenting and interpreting images. One of the drawbacks of the approach is, however, the need to establish a set of dense correspondences between all members of a set of training(More)
At high and medium magnetic field, the transverse NMR relaxation rate (T-1(2)) of water proteins in blood is determined predominantly by the oxygenation state of haemoglobin. T-1(2) depends quadratically on the field strength and on the proportion of haemoglobin that is deoxygenated. Deoxygenation increases the volume magnetic susceptibility within the(More)
Vascular and angiogenic processes provide an important target for novel cancer therapeutics. Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging is being used increasingly to noninvasively monitor the action of these therapeutics in early-stage clinical trials. This publication reports the outcome of a workshop that considered the methodology and design of(More)
OBJECTIVE Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of articular cartilage has evolved to be an important tool in research on cartilage (patho)physiology and osteoarthritis (OA). MRI provides a wealth of novel and quantitative information, but there exists no commonly accepted terminology for reporting these metrics. The objective of this initiative was to propose a(More)
PURPOSE ZD6126 is a novel vascular targeting agent currently undergoing clinical evaluation. It acts by destabilizing the microtubulin of fragile and proliferating neoendothelial cells in tumors. The drug leads to blood vessel congestion, the selective destruction of the vasculature, and extensive necrosis in experimental tumors. The aim of the study(More)
A system is described that rapidly produces a regular 3-dimensional (3-D) data block suitable for processing by conventional image analysis and volume measurement software. The system uses electromagnetic spatial location of 2-dimensional (2-D) freehand-scanned ultrasound B-mode images, custom-built signal-conditioning hardware, UNIX-based computer(More)
Many therapeutic approaches to cancer affect the tumour vasculature, either indirectly or as a direct target. Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) has become an important means of investigating this action, both pre-clinically and in early stage clinical trials. For such trials, it is essential that the measurement process (i.e.(More)
Previously reported studied to quantify articular cartilage have used labor-intensive manual or semi-automatic data-driven techniques, demonstrating high accuracy and precision. However, none has been able to automate the segmentation process. This paper describes a fast, automatic, model-based approach to segmentation and thickness measurement of the(More)
OBJECTIVE Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a three-dimensional imaging technique with unparalleled ability to evaluate articular cartilage. This report reviews the current status of morphological assessment of cartilage with quantitative MRI (qMRI), and its relevance for identifying disease status, and monitoring progression and treatment response in(More)
High-resolution, serial, spin-echo images were obtained for an antigen-induced knee arthritis in six rabbits. The animals were imaged prior to intra-articular challenge and at various time points up to 14 weeks after challenge. Extensive high-signal inflammatory changes were seen at Day 1 in the lymph node, capsule, and surrounding muscle. The muscle and(More)