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Several lines of evidence indicate that the adaxial leaf domain possesses a unique competence to form shoot apical meristems. Factors required for this competence are expected to cause a defect in shoot apical meristem formation when inactivated and to be expressed or active preferentially in the adaxial leaf domain. PINHEAD, a member of a family of(More)
Auxins are plant hormones that mediate many aspects of plant growth and development. In higher plants, auxins are polarly transported from sites of synthesis in the shoot apex to their sites of action in the basal regions of shoots and in roots. Polar auxin transport is an important aspect of auxin functions and is mediated by cellular influx and efflux(More)
Tobacco and Arabidopsis plants, expressing a transgene for the calcium-sensitive luminescent protein apoaequorin, revealed circadian oscillations in free cytosolic calcium that can be phase-shifted by light-dark signals. When apoaequorin was targeted to the chloroplast, circadian chloroplast calcium rhythms were likewise observed after transfer of the(More)
In animals and yeast, CLASP proteins are microtubule plus-end tracking proteins (+TIPS) involved in the regulation of microtubule plus-end dynamics and stabilization. Here we show that mutations in the Arabidopsis CLASP homolog result in various plant growth reductions, cell form defects and reduced mitotic activity. Analysis of Arabidopsis plants that(More)
The sku6-1 mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana exhibits altered patterns of root and organ growth. sku6 roots, etiolated hypocotyls, and leaf petioles exhibit right-handed axial twisting, and root growth on inclined agar media is strongly right skewed. The touch-dependent sku6 root skewing phenotype is suppressed by the antimicrotubule drugs propyzamide and(More)
ARG1 (ALTERED RESPONSE TO GRAVITY) is required for normal root and hypocotyl gravitropism. Here, we show that targeting ARG1 to the gravity-perceiving cells of roots or hypocotyls is sufficient to rescue the gravitropic defects in the corresponding organs of arg1-2 null mutants. The cytosolic alkalinization of root cap columella cells that normally occurs(More)
Previously, we showed that the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae cold-sensitive mutation tcp1-1 confers growth arrest concomitant with cytoskeletal disorganization and disruption of microtubule-mediated processes. We have identified two new recessive mutations, tcp1-2 and tcp1-3, that confer heat- and cold-sensitive growth. Cells carrying tcp1 alleles were(More)
Microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) serve a wide variety of functions, from constructing and maintaining the microtubule cytoskeleton to using this cytoskeleton to transport cargo and to tether molecules that are involved in numerous cellular processes. Throughout the cell cycle, distinct microtubule arrays carry out specific roles in cytokinesis,(More)
Plant microtubules (MTs) polymerize and depolymerize in a process termed dynamic instability. This allows the assembly, reorganization, and disassembly of at least four MT arrays throughout the cell cycle. The cortical MT array lines the plasma membrane during interphase and plays a central role in directional cell expansion. Microtubule-associated proteins(More)
The Arabidopsis thaliana KAT1 cDNA encodes a voltage-gated inward-rectifying K+ channel. A KAT1 genomic DNA clone was isolated and sequenced, and a 5' promoter and coding sequences containing eight introns were identified. Reporter gene analysis of transgenic plants containing the KAT1 promoter fused to bacterial beta-glucuronidase showed robust(More)