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Extrapulmonary small-cell cancer is a distinct clinicopathological entity from small-cell anaplastic carcinoma of the lung. Approximately 1,000 cases have been projected annually in the United States, which represents an overall incidence of between 0.1% and 0.4% of all cancer. Not surprisingly then, little information is available regarding the treatment(More)
BACKGROUND Few intervention programs assist patients and their family caregivers to manage advanced cancer and maintain their quality of life (QOL). This study examined (i) whether patient-caregiver dyads (i.e., pairs) randomly assigned to a brief or extensive dyadic intervention (the FOCUS Program) had better outcomes than dyads randomly assigned to usual(More)
PURPOSE Professionally administered psychosocial interventions have been shown to improve the quality of life of cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. The present study sought to improve access to psychosocial interventions during chemotherapy treatment by evaluating the efficacy and costs of a patient self-administered form of stress management training(More)
During the last decade, the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) has studied a series of combination chemotherapy regimens in metastatic (stage IV) non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In January 1984, the ECOG activated a randomized study, EST 1583, which concluded the evaluation of combination regimens in phase III trials and initiated the evaluation(More)
The Functional Living Index-Cancer (FLIC) was administered to 438 patients in the Lung Cancer Study Group on whom long-term follow-up was available in 1993. Across all trials, the total FLIC score was predictive for survival even when corrected for extent of disease, although individual items on the FLIC were not. There was no significant impact of a short(More)
The treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC; including squamous, large-cell anaplastic, and adenocarcinoma) is one of the most frustrating areas in oncology. With the exception of the high cure rates for surgical treatment of truly localized disease, the prognosis for patients with NSCLC is grim. Often rancorous debate has ensued about the best means(More)
We have tested a simple procedure, disease association by locus stratification, for identifying breast cancer patients with pathogenetic allelic variants at several candidate loci. The strategy was based on the assumption of epistatic interactions of the candidates. We analyzed 66 independent cases from sib pairs affected with breast cancer that had(More)
Between October 1981 and June 1983, the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) conducted a prospectively randomized trial (EST 1581) of the four most active chemotherapy regimens for metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Four hundred eighty-six good performance status patients (PS 0 or 1; 81%) were randomized to receive cyclophosphamide,(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Stage IIIA non-small cell lung cancer represents a relatively heterogeneous group of patients with metastatic disease to the ipsilateral mediastinal (N2) lymph nodes and also includes T3N1 patients. Presentations of disease range from apparently resectable tumors with occult microscopic nodal metastases to unresectable, bulky multistation(More)
Between December 1979 and June 1983 the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) treated 893 good-performance status patients with metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) on one of seven phase III combination chemotherapies. The overall median survival was 23.5 weeks with no significant differences between treatments. One hundred sixty-eight patients(More)