John C. Ruckdeschel

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The treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC; including squamous, large-cell anaplastic, and adenocarcinoma) is one of the most frustrating areas in oncology. With the exception of the high cure rates for surgical treatment of truly localized disease, the prognosis for patients with NSCLC is grim. Often rancorous debate has ensued about the best means(More)
Extrapulmonary small-cell cancer is a distinct clinicopathological entity from small-cell anaplastic carcinoma of the lung. Approximately 1,000 cases have been projected annually in the United States, which represents an overall incidence of between 0.1% and 0.4% of all cancer. Not surprisingly then, little information is available regarding the treatment(More)
Physician behaviors and patient responses were studied in 439 interactions between hospitalized adult cancer patients and oncologists to investigate patient preferences for a participatory role in the interaction. Patients were asked their preference for information to be given (minimal; only if it is good news; or all information, good or bad) and their(More)
During the last decade, the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) has studied a series of combination chemotherapy regimens in metastatic (stage IV) non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In January 1984, the ECOG activated a randomized study, EST 1583, which concluded the evaluation of combination regimens in phase III trials and initiated the evaluation(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Stage IIIA non-small cell lung cancer represents a relatively heterogeneous group of patients with metastatic disease to the ipsilateral mediastinal (N2) lymph nodes and also includes T3N1 patients. Presentations of disease range from apparently resectable tumors with occult microscopic nodal metastases to unresectable, bulky multistation(More)
PURPOSE This prospective randomized cooperative group study was conducted in patients with neoplastic meningitis treated with intrathecal methotrexate or thiotepa to assess response rates and survival, prognostic factors, and the toxicity of these regimens. PATIENTS AND METHODS Fifty-nine adults with nonleukemic malignancies, performance status of 0 to 3,(More)
To examine potential predictors of cancer patient satisfaction with physician behavior, 366 cases were studied. Physician behavior was measured on morning rounds using the Physician Behavior Check List (PBCL). Patient satisfaction and perceptions were assessed after the visit. Patient characteristics were obtained from the chart and the physician. Results(More)
BACKGROUND Few intervention programs assist patients and their family caregivers to manage advanced cancer and maintain their quality of life (QOL). This study examined (i) whether patient-caregiver dyads (i.e., pairs) randomly assigned to a brief or extensive dyadic intervention (the FOCUS Program) had better outcomes than dyads randomly assigned to usual(More)
The United States lung cancer epidemic has not yet been controlled by present prevention and treatment strategies. Overexpression of a Mr 31,000 protein, heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP) A2/B1, had shown promise as a marker of lung cancer. In a pilot study of archived preneoplastic sputum specimens, hnRNP A2/B1 overexpression more accurately(More)
Lung cancer continues to be the leading cause of cancer death, and although most lung cancer is attributable to cigarette smoking, underlying genetic susceptibility is suggested by studies demonstrating familial aggregation. The first family linkage study of lung cancer has identified linkage of lung, laryngeal, and pharyngeal cancer in families to a region(More)