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Muscular exercise promotes the production of radicals and other reactive oxygen species in the working muscle. Growing evidence indicates that reactive oxygen species are responsible for exercise-induced protein oxidation and contribute to muscle fatigue. To protect against exercise-induced oxidative injury, muscle cells contain complex endogenous cellular(More)
The purpose of the current study was to determine the acute neuroendocrine response to hypertrophy (H), strength (S), and power (P) type resistance exercise (RE) equated for total volume. Ten male subjects completed three RE protocols and a rest day (R) using a randomized cross-over design. The protocols included (1) H: 4 sets of 10 repetitions in the squat(More)
UNLABELLED Previous research attempts to identify an oxidative stress response to acute resistance exercise have yielded mixed results. Inconsistencies in the current literature base probably reflect study-to-study variance in resistance exercise protocols; where high volume and short recovery elicit the most identifiable oxidative stress response. (More)
A wealth of data indicates that performing regular exercise is an important lifestyle modification to prevent cardiovascular disease. Although not fully understood, the cardioprotection by regular exercise may be exerted synergistically through improvement in many risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease. Just as important are the direct effects(More)
Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury is a major contributor to the morbidity and mortality associated with coronary artery disease. Muscular exercise is a countermeasure to protect against IR-induced cardiac injury in both young and old animals. Specifically, regular bouts of endurance exercise protect the heart against all levels of IR-induced(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the influence of intensity versus total energy expenditure on neutrophilia and blood oxidative stress to acute exercise. METHODS Nine males (18-30 yr) completed one maximal (Max) and three submaximal exercise sessions: 1) 45 min at 10% above (LT+) lactate threshold (LT), 2) 45 min at 10% below (LT-) LT, and 3) 10% below LT until(More)
Endurance exercise provides cardioprotection against ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Exercise-induced cardioprotection is associated with increases in cytoprotective proteins, including heat shock protein 72 (HSP72) and increases in antioxidant enzyme activity. On the basis of the reported half-life of these putative cardioprotective proteins, we(More)
Successive bouts of endurance exercise are associated with both increased cardiac levels of heat shock protein-72 (HSP-72) and improved cardioprotection against ischemia-reperfusion (I/R)-induced cardiac cell death. Although overexpression of HSP-72 has been shown to be cardioprotective in transgenic animals, it is unclear whether increased levels of HSP-72(More)
The mechanisms responsible for anti-arrhythmic protection during ischemia-reperfusion (IR) in exercised hearts are not fully understood. The purpose of this investigation was to examine whether the ATP-sensitive potassium channels in the mitochondria (mito K(ATP)) and sarcolemma (sarc K(ATP)) provide anti-arrhythmic protection in exercised hearts during IR.(More)
Previous research indicates that ultramarathon exercise can result in blood oxidative stress. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the efficacy of oral supplementation with quercetin, a naturally occurring compound with known antioxidant properties, as a potential countermeasure against blood oxidative stress during an ultramarathon competition.(More)