John C. P. Kingdom

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The increasing practice of preterm delivery in the fetal interest for conditions such as pre-eclampsia or intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) has provided an opportunity to study placental structure in pregnancies with prenatal evidence of fetal compromise. These data suggest that the origin of fetal hypoxia in IUGR with absent end-diastolic flow in the(More)
 Villous trophoblast in the human placenta consists of a population of proliferating stem cells which differentiate and individually fuse into the syncytiotrophoblast. We studied the apoptotic cascade in this complex epithelial layer by immunohistochemical localization of Fas, FasL, Bcl-2, Mcl-1, pro-caspase-3 and caspase-3, T-cell-restricted intracellular(More)
Mammalian placentation is a highly regulated process and is dependent on the proper development of specific trophoblast cell lineages. The two major types of trophoblast, villous and extravillous, show mitotic arrest during differentiation. In mice, the transcription factor, glial cell missing-1 (Gcm1), blocks mitosis and is required for syncytiotrophoblast(More)
Villous trophoblast is the epithelial cover of the placental villous tree and comes in direct contact with maternal blood. The turnover of villous trophoblast includes proliferation and differentiation of cytotrophoblast, syncytial fusion of cytotrophoblast with the overlying syncytiotrophoblast, differentiation in the syncytiotrophoblast, and finally(More)
Elevated expression of soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 (sFlt-1) in preeclampsia plays a major role in the pathogenesis of this serious disorder of human pregnancy. Although reduced placental oxygenation is thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia, it is unclear how oxygen regulates placental sFlt-1 expression. The(More)
Through studies of transgenic and mutant mice, it is possible to describe molecular pathways that control the development of all major trophoblast cell subtypes and structures of the placenta. For example, the proliferation of trophoblast stem cells is dependent on FGF signalling and downstream transcription factors Cdx2, Eomes and Err2. Several bHLH(More)
Co-ordinated development of the fetal villous tree of the placenta is necessary for continued fetal growth and well-being. Before fetal viability, blood vessel development within the developing immature intermediate villi (IIV) is characterized by branching angiogenesis, such that the placenta expands to produce 10-16 generations of stem villi. Once fetal(More)
During early placentation the trophoblast of the human placenta differentiates to the villous and extravillous types of trophoblast. Villous trophoblast provides the epithelial cover of the placental villous trees in direct contact to maternal blood. Extravillous trophoblast invades maternal uterine tissues thus directly contacting maternal stromal and(More)
OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to evaluate the structure of placental terminal villi and their capillaries in pregnancies complicated by intrauterine growth restriction with absent end-diastolic flow velocity in the umbilical artery. STUDY DESIGN Glutaraldehyde-perfusion-fixed villous tissue and a plastic cast of the vessels in at least two cotyledons were(More)
OBJECTIVE In endemic areas, maternal malaria infection is usually asymptomatic. However, it is known that infected maternal erythrocytes sequester in the intervillous space of the placenta. There is a strong association between placental malaria infection and both low birth weight (LBW) and severe maternal anemia. We aimed to determine whether impaired(More)