John C. Oldroyd

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AIM To evaluate the effectiveness of lifestyle interventions in people with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). METHODS Participants with IGT (n=78), diagnosed on two consecutive oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTTs), were randomly assigned to a 2-year lifestyle intervention or to a control group. Main outcome measures were changes from baseline in: nutrient(More)
AIMS The primary objective was to estimate prevalence of malnutrition on admission to four hospitals. Secondary objectives included assessing the relationship between nutritional status and length of hospital stay, numbers of new prescriptions, new infections and disease severity. METHODS We entered eligible patients according to predefined quotas for(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes prevalence is increasing. The Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study (DPS) showed a 58% reduction in Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) incidence in adults with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). The European Diabetes Prevention Study (EDIPS) extends the DPS to different European populations, using the same study design. In the Newcastle arm of this study(More)
This study explored the health, well-being, and social capital benefits gained by community members who are involved in the management of land for conservation in six rural communities across Victoria. A total of 102 people participated in the study (64 males; 38 females) comprising 51 members of a community-based land management group and 51 controls(More)
OBJECTIVES This article examines the link between stressful life events and illness by considering both onset and reoccurrence of chronic illnesses. Using longitudinal data, we estimate the extent to which life events increase the likelihood of depression or anxiety, type 2 diabetes, cancer, coronary heart disease, circulatory disease, asthma and emphysema(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether nutrition interventions widen dietary inequalities across socioeconomic status groups. DESIGN Systematic review of interventions that aim to promote healthy eating. DATA SOURCES CINAHL and MEDLINE were searched between 1990 and 2007. REVIEW METHODS Studies were included if they were randomised controlled trials or(More)
BACKGROUND Despite a plethora of studies examining the effect of increased urbanisation on health, no single study has systematically examined the measurement properties of scales used to measure urbanicity. It is critical to distinguish findings from studies that use surrogate measures of urbanicity (e.g. population density) from those that use measures(More)
Studies testing whether birth weight and childhood obesity differ by gender are lacking. We aimed to describe the relationship between birth weight and childhood overweight/obesity and investigate the influence that gender has on this relationship among 4 to 5-year-old children. We performed a secondary analysis of an Australian nationally representative(More)
The global prevalence of diabetes for all age groups is estimated to be 2.8%. Type 2 diabetes accounts for at least 90% of diabetes worldwide. Diabetes incidence, prevalence, and disease progression varies by ethnic group. This review highlights unique aspects of the risk of developing diabetes, its overwhelming vascular complications, and their management(More)
BACKGROUND The evidence base for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has progressed rapidly from efficacy trials to real-world translational studies and practical implementation trials over the last 15 years. However, evidence for the effective implementation and translation of diabetes programs and their population impact needs to be(More)