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Testis and ovary explants have been proposed as in vitro screens for identifying potential inhibitors of steroid biosynthesis. The goals of the current study were to optimize the conditions of the two assays, to characterize these assays using several compounds with well-defined endocrine activity, and to compare the responses from the explant assays with(More)
Over the past several years, there has been increasing concern that chemicals and pesticides found in the environment may mimic endogenous estrogens, potentially producing adverse effects in wildlife and human populations. Because estrogenicity is one of the primary concerns, a 90-day/one-generation reproduction study with 17 beta-estradiol was designed to(More)
A Tier I screening battery for detecting endocrine active compounds (EACs) has been evaluated for its ability to identify 17 beta-estradiol, a pure estrogen receptor agonist. In addition, the responses obtained with the Tier I battery were compared to the responses obtained from F1 generation rats from a 90-day/one-generation reproduction study with 17(More)
PFOA is a peroxisome proliferator (PPAR agonist) and exerts morphological and biochemical effects characteristic of PPAR agonists. These effects include increased beta-oxidation of fatty acids, increases in several cytochrome P-450 (CYP450)-mediated reactions, and inhibition of the secretion of very low-density lipoproteins and cholesterol from the liver.(More)
Wyeth-14,643 (WY) and ammonium perfluorooctanoate (C8) belong to a diverse class of compounds which have been shown to produce hepatic peroxisome proliferation in rodents. From previous work, WY, but not C8, has been shown to produce hepatocellular carcinoma in rats, while C8 has been shown to produce Leydig cell adenomas. In addition, based on a review of(More)
Sodium perfluorohexanoate [NaPFHx, F(CF(2))(5)CO(2)Na, CAS#2923-26-4] was evaluated in acute, 90-day subchronic, one-generation reproduction, developmental and in vitro genetic toxicity studies. In the subchronic/one-generation reproduction study, four groups of young adult male and female Crl:CD(SD) rats were administered NaPFHx daily for approximately 90(More)
Ammonium perfluorooctanoate (APFO) is a surfactant used primarily as an aid in processing various fluoropolymers. Many toxicology and epidemiological studies have been conducted with APFO; however, no specific information regarding functional reproduction was previously available. Therefore, the potential reproductive toxicity of APFO across two generations(More)
The recently passed Food Quality Protection Act of 1996 requires the U.S. EPA to implement screening strategies for endocrine active compounds (EACs) within the next 2 years. Interpreting results from screening tests is complicated by the absence of traditional dietary rodent bioassay data with model estrogenic compounds such as 17 beta-estradiol. Thus, a(More)
One of the components of our research program is development of a mode-of-action screening battery to detect several different types of endocrine-active compounds (EACs). Our working hypothesis is that a comprehensive short-term in vivo/in vitro battery can be developed to identify endocrine toxicants using a collection of endpoints. The goals of this(More)
Phenobarbital (PB), a thyroid hormone excretion enhancer, and propylthiouracil (PTU), a thyroid hormone-synthesis inhibitor, have been examined in a Tier I screening battery for detecting endocrine-active compounds (EACs). The Tier I battery incorporates two short-term in vivo tests (5-day ovariectomized female battery and 15-day intact male battery using(More)