John C O'Connor

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PFOA is a peroxisome proliferator (PPAR agonist) and exerts morphological and biochemical effects characteristic of PPAR agonists. These effects include increased beta-oxidation of fatty acids, increases in several cytochrome P-450 (CYP450)-mediated reactions, and inhibition of the secretion of very low-density lipoproteins and cholesterol from the liver.(More)
Wyeth-14,643 (WY) and ammonium perfluorooctanoate (C8) belong to a diverse class of compounds which have been shown to produce hepatic peroxisome proliferation in rodents. From previous work, WY, but not C8, has been shown to produce hepatocellular carcinoma in rats, while C8 has been shown to produce Leydig cell adenomas. In addition, based on a review of(More)
Ammonium perfluorooctanoate (APFO) is a surfactant used primarily as an aid in processing various fluoropolymers. Many toxicology and epidemiological studies have been conducted with APFO; however, no specific information regarding functional reproduction was previously available. Therefore, the potential reproductive toxicity of APFO across two generations(More)
Phenobarbital (PB), a thyroid hormone excretion enhancer, and propylthiouracil (PTU), a thyroid hormone-synthesis inhibitor, have been examined in a Tier I screening battery for detecting endocrine-active compounds (EACs). The Tier I battery incorporates two short-term in vivo tests (5-day ovariectomized female battery and 15-day intact male battery using(More)
An in vivo screening assay using intact adult male rats has been evaluated for its ability to detect six antiandrogenic compounds via oral administration. The test compounds included cyproterone acetate (CPA), flutamide (FLUT), p,p'-DDE (DDE), di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP), linuron (LIN), and vinclozolin (VCZ). Two of the test compounds (DDE and FLUT) have(More)
One of the components of our research program is development of a mode-of-action screening battery to detect several different types of endocrine-active compounds (EACs). Our working hypothesis is that a comprehensive short-term in vivo/in vitro battery can be developed to identify endocrine toxicants using a collection of endpoints. The goals of this(More)
A Tier I screening battery for detecting endocrine active compounds (EACs) has been evaluated for its ability to identify 17 beta-estradiol, a pure estrogen receptor agonist. In addition, the responses obtained with the Tier I battery were compared to the responses obtained from F1 generation rats from a 90-day/one-generation reproduction study with 17(More)
The recently passed Food Quality Protection Act of 1996 requires the U.S. EPA to implement screening strategies for endocrine active compounds (EACs) within the next 2 years. Interpreting results from screening tests is complicated by the absence of traditional dietary rodent bioassay data with model estrogenic compounds such as 17 beta-estradiol. Thus, a(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the toxicity of linear/branched ammonium perfluorooctanoate (APFO) with that of linear and branched APFO. Linear/branched APFO (approximately 80% linear and 20% branched isomers) was formerly used in the production of commercial products. The extensive toxicologic database for APFO has been developed essentially(More)
In this report, p,p'-DDE, a weak androgen receptor (AR) antagonist, has been examined in a Tier I screening battery designed to detect endocrine-active compounds (EACs). The screening battery that was used to examine p,p'-DDE was an abbreviated version of a proposed Tier I screening battery (Cook et al., 1997, Regul. ToxicoL Pharmacol. 26, 60-68) that(More)