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The parasitic protozoan Leishmania is the aetiological agent of a spectrum of clinical diseases, ranging from disfiguring skin lesions to life-threatening visceral infection, and is a serious health problem in tropical and subtropical areas world-wide. Leishmania parasites undergo a dramatic transformation as they move between the different environments of(More)
Amastigotes (tissue forms) of Leishmania donovani isolated from infected hamster spleens carried out several physiological activities (respiration, catabolism of energy substrates, and incorporation of precursors into macromolecules) optimally at pH 4.0 to 5.5. All metabolic activities that were examined decreased sharply above the optimal pH. Promastigotes(More)
A 2253-nucleotide (nt) transcript for a Trichomonas vaginalis heat-shock protein 70, TVCHSP70, has been isolated that encodes for a protein of 659 amino acids with a predicted molecular weight of 71.3 kDa. TVCHSP70 has a short (10-nt) 5' untranslated region (UTR), and the 263-nt 3' UTR is the longest reported for a Trichomonas peptide. Amino-acid sequence(More)
Artemisinin compounds inhibit in vitro growth of cultured Trypanosoma cruzi and Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense at concentrations in the low micromolar range. Artemisinin also inhibits calcium-dependent ATPase activity in T. cruzi membranes, suggesting a mode of action via membrane pumps. Artemisinins merit further investigation as chemotherapeutic options(More)
A method for the isolation of Leishmania donovani amastigotes from infected hamster spleen and liver tissues is described. Over 85% of the isolated amastigotes were viable as judged by acridine orange-ethidium bromide staining and in vitro transformation to the promastigote form. A comprehensive survey of the enzymes of carbohydrate metabolism in L.(More)
Recent analyses of the cytochrome P450 steroid hydroxylases have established a key role for an orphan nuclear receptor, designated steroidogenic factor 1 (SF-1), in their coordinate, cell-selective expression. SF-1 was proposed to regulate the steroid hydroxylases by interacting with shared promoter elements in their 5'-flanking regions. During mouse(More)
DNA fragments isolated from Leishmania donovani ATPase genes were used to analyze the organization and expression of cation transporting ATPase genes in L. donovani, Leishmania tropica, Leishmania mexicana, Leishmania braziliensis, Trypanosoma brucei and Trypanosoma cruzi. The ATPase loci in all Leishmania species contained a tandem pair of ATPase genes(More)
Aminoimidazole carboxamide ribonucleoside (AIC-R), a purine precursor, has biphasic effects on the growth of Chinese hamster fibroblasts. At 200 microM AIC-R cell growth is almost completely arrested, while at 50 and 700 microM AIC-R cell growth is comparable to that observed in the absence of nucleoside. The growth inhibition produced by AIC-R is the(More)
We report the nucleotide and derived amino acid sequence of the ATPase 1 gene from Plasmodium falciparum. The amino acid sequence shares homology with the family of "P"-type cation translocating ATPases in conserved regions important for nucleotide binding, conformational change, or phosphorylation. The gene, which is present on chromosome 5, has a product(More)