John C. McDermott

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Menin plays an established role in the differentiation of mesenchymal cells to the osteogenic lineage. Conversely, whether Menin influences the commitment of mesenschymal cells to the myogenic lineage, despite expression in the developing somite was previously unclear. We observed that Menin is down-regulated in C2C12 and C3H10T1/2 mesenchymal cells when(More)
Lactate accumulation in skeletal muscle is reduced after a period of endurance training. Explanations for this phenomena include the increased oxidative capacity of the muscle, a reduction in lactate production, and increased lactate clearance. Muscle membrane transport of lactate can be seen to be a fundamental aspect of such clearance, and transmembrane(More)
The role of activating protein-1 (AP-1) in muscle cells is currently equivocal. While some studies propose that AP-1 is inhibitory for myogenesis, others implicate a positive role in this process. We tested whether this variation may be due to different properties of the AP-1 subunit composition in differentiating cells. Using Western analysis we show that(More)
Transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1) and myostatin signaling, mediated by the same Smad downstream effectors, potently repress skeletal muscle cell differentiation. Smad7 inhibits these cytokine signaling pathways. The role of Smad7 during skeletal muscle cell differentiation was assessed. In these studies, we document that increased expression of(More)
Biochemical and cell culture studies have characterized the myocyte enhancer factor 2 (MEF2) transcriptional regulatory proteins as obligatory partners for the myogenic regulatory factors (MRFs) in the differentiation of myogenic cells in culture. However, the role of MEF2 activation in somitic myogenesis has not been fully characterized. Here, we report a(More)
In this article we present a synthesis of recent information concerning the fate of lactate in skeletal muscle. This is important since lactate is continuously produced by skeletal muscle at rest and at all levels of exercise. Therefore, the disposal of lactate as an 'intermediary' metabolite is discussed. The two primary fates of lactate in skeletal muscle(More)
Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) maintain the ability to modulate their phenotype in response to changing environmental stimuli. This phenotype modulation plays a critical role in the development of most vascular disease states. In these studies, stimulation of cultured vascular smooth muscle cells with platelet-derived growth factor resulted in marked(More)
We examined the effects of selected hormones and pH on the rates of glyconeogenesis (L-[U-14C]-lactate----glycogen) and glycogenesis (D-[U-14C]glucose----glycogen) in mouse fast-twitch (FT) and slow-twitch muscles incubated in vitro (37 degrees C). Glyconeogenesis and glycogenesis increased linearly with increasing concentrations of lactate (5-20 mM) and(More)
In the "canonical" view of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) signaling, Smad7 plays an inhibitory role. While Smad7 represses Smad3 activation by TGF-beta, it does not reverse the inhibitory effect of TGF-beta on myogenesis, suggesting a different function in myogenic cells. We previously reported a promyogenic role of Smad7 mediated by an(More)
In the mammalian nervous system, regulation of transcription factor activity is a crucial determinant of neuronal cell survival, differentiation, and death. The myocyte enhancer factor 2 (MEF2) transcription factors have been implicated in cellular processes underlying neuronal survival and differentiation. A core component of the MEF2 complex is the MEF2D(More)