John C. Mauro

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This article presents theoretical analysis and experimental data for the use of resonant waveguide grating (RWG) biosensors to characterize stimulation-mediated cell responses including signaling. The biosensor is capable of detecting redistribution of cellular contents in both directions that are perpendicular and parallel to the sensor surface. This(More)
We describe an atomistic method for computing the viscosity of highly viscous liquids based on activated state kinetics. A basin-filling algorithm allowing the system to climb out of deep energy minima through a series of activation and relaxation is proposed and first benchmarked on the problem of adatom diffusion on a metal surface. It is then used to(More)
i PREFACE A joint program is underway between the EPA Offices of Radiation and Indoor Air (ORIA) and Solid Waste and Emergency Response (OSWER), the DOE Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM), and the NRC Office of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards (NMSS). The purpose of the program is to promote the appropriate and consistent(More)
INTRODUCTION Glass science offers researchers an ample range of open questions, starting from one of the most difficult problems in science: the basic nature of the glassy state. Atomic-level descriptions of the glassy state are extremely complex due to the lack of long-range order found in crystalline materials. Our understanding of fundamental glass(More)
The microscopic origin of glass transition, when liquid viscosity changes continuously by more than ten orders of magnitude, is challenging to explain from first principles. Here we describe the detailed derivation and implementation of a Markovian Network model to calculate the shear viscosity of deeply supercooled liquids based on numerical sampling of an(More)
A recently developed atomistic method capable of calculating the fragile (non-Arrhenius) temperature behavior of highly viscous liquids is further tested by studying a model of SiO(2), a glass former well known for its Arrhenius temperature behavior (strong). The method predicts an Arrhenius temperature variation, in agreement with experiments, the origin(More)
In the last decade the challenging analysis of previtreous behavior of relaxation time (τ(T)) in ultraviscous low molecular weight liquids led to the conceptual shift of the glass transition physics toward theories not predicting a "finite-temperature" divergence. This "breakthrough" experimental finding was strengthened by the discovery that "dynamic"(More)
It is known that the coordination number (CN) of atoms or ions in many materials increases through application of sufficiently high pressure. This also applies to glassy materials. In boron-containing glasses, trigonal BO3 units can be transformed into tetrahedral BO4 under pressure. However, one of the key questions is whether the pressure-quenched CN(More)
A microscopic physical description of the glassy state long has eluded even the top scientists in condensed matter physics because of the complicated non-crystalline nature of glass structure. Currently, many theorists turn to molecular dynamics or other atomistic simulations to determine the structure of various glass compositions. However, although(More)
Sodium Aluminosilicate Glass. Glasses can be chemically strengthened through the ion exchange process, wherein smaller ions in the glass (e.g., Na +) are replaced by larger ions from a salt bath (e.g., K +). This develops a compressive stress (CS) on the glass surface, which, in turn, improves the damage resistance of the glass. The magnitude and depth of(More)