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OBJECTIVE To investigate the neural mechanisms underlying impairments in generalizing learning shown by adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHOD A total of 21 high-functioning individuals with ASD aged 12 to 18 years, and 23 gender-, IQ-, and age-matched adolescents with typical development (TYP), completed a transitive inference (TI) task… (More)
OBJECTIVE Impairments in learning are central to autism spectrum disorders. The authors investigated the cognitive and neural basis of these deficits in young adults with autism spectrum disorders using a well-characterized probabilistic reinforcement learning paradigm. METHOD The probabilistic selection task was implemented among matched participants… (More)
Mathematics achievement in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been understudied. However, the ability to solve applied math problems is associated with academic achievement, everyday problem-solving abilities, and vocational outcomes. The paucity of research on math achievement in ASD may be partly explained by the widely-held belief that most individuals… (More)
The cloud impulse response (spatial and temporal) to optical pulse propagation has been measured. Experimental data are reported for the radiance function, pulse stretching, and (the first published) delay time. The results have been confirmed by Monte Carlo modeling. A geometric scattering model is presented explaining the temporal results for the test… (More)
A simple and inexpensive relative energy monitor for short laser pulses is described. The three basic units of this system are an integrating detector circuit, an amplifier, and a peak detector and hold circuit. With this device one can measure optical pulse energies (at 1.06 microm) as small as 1.0 nJ with an electronic accuracy of approximately 1%.