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Using historic data sets, we quantified the degree to which global change over 120 years disrupted plant-pollinator interactions in a temperate forest understory community in Illinois, USA. We found degradation of interaction network structure and function and extirpation of 50% of bee species. Network changes can be attributed to shifts in forb and bee(More)
The overall habitat quality of the Illinois River is significantly degraded by over 100 years of sediment accumulation. Once-deep backwaters and side channels have lost well over 70 percent of their water storage capacity and in many areas average about a foot deep. A twenty-year restoration project by the State of Illinois and Army Corps of Engineers is(More)
The authors wish to acknowledge the assistance of John C. Marlin (ISTC) for making sediment analysis data available for this report, providing text on the river and sample collection and preparation, and assisting with editing. The sediment cores and data were collected over several years as part of several projects collectively referred to as the Illinois(More)
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