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Phanerochaete chrysosporium, the model white rot fungus, uses P450 monooxygenation for oxidation of xenobiotic chemicals. To characterize its P450 systems, we have isolated two tandemly linked full-length P450 monooxygenase genes, pc-1 (2510bp) and pc-2 (2503bp). cDNA sequence and splice site analysis showed multiple small putative introns (35-82bp), 17 in(More)
The gene coding for the Candida tropicalis NADPH-cytochrome P-450 oxidoreductase (CPR, NADPH: ferricytochrome oxidoreductase, EC was isolated by immunoscreening of a C. tropicalis lambda gt11 expression library and colony hybridization of a C. tropicalis genomic library. The C. tropicalis CPR gene produces a 2.35-kilobase mRNA transcript, levels of(More)
The major cytochrome P450 in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, lanosterol 14 alpha-demethylase (ERG11), catalyzes an essential reaction in the biosynthesis of ergosterol, the predominant sterol of yeast. Protein levels of this cytochrome P450 are known to be affected by carbon source, oxygen, and heme, as well as the growth state of the culture. We have(More)
The halotolerant alkane-assimilating yeast Debaryomyces hansenii was examined for P450 alkane hydroxylase genes known to be required for alkane assimilation in Candida. Four distinct P450alk gene segments and an allelic segment were isolated using PCR based on degenerate primers derived from the CYP52 family of alkane-inducible P450 genes. A screen of a(More)
The identification of the precise structural features of yeast sterol molecules required for the essential "sparking" function has been a controversial area of research. Recent cloning and gene disruption studies in Saccharomyces cerevisiae have shown that C-24 methylation (ERG6), C-5 desaturation (ERG3) and delta 8-delta 7 isomerization (ERG2) are not(More)
We have sequenced the structural gene and flanking regions for lanosterol 14 alpha-demethylase (14DM) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. An open reading frame of 530 codons encodes a 60.7-kDa protein. When this gene is disrupted by integrative transformation, the resulting strain requires ergosterol and, as expected, grows only in the absence of oxygen. The(More)
We have isolated the gene for cytochrome P450 lanosterol 14 alpha-demethylase (14DM) from the yeast Candida tropicalis. This was accomplished by screening genomic libraries of strain ATCC750 in E. coli using a DNA fragment containing the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae 14DM gene. Identity of this gene was confirmed by a) observing a heme binding region(More)
We have transformed a Saccharomyces cerevisiae host with an S. cerevisiae genomic library contained in the shuttle vector YEp24 and screened the resultant transformants for resistance to ketoconazole (Kc), an inhibitor of the cytochrome P-450 (P-450) enzyme lanosterol 14 alpha-demethylase. Two plasmids were isolated which transformed yeast to both increased(More)