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BACKGROUND Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is a disorder of subchondral bone and articular cartilage whose incidence in children is not clearly known. PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to assess the demographics and epidemiology of OCD of the knee in children. STUDY DESIGN Descriptive epidemiology study. METHODS A retrospective chart review of an(More)
BACKGROUND Soccer has one of the highest incidences of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries for both males and females. Several injury prevention programs have been developed to address this concern. However, an analysis of the pooled effect has yet to be elicited. PURPOSE To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of ACL and knee injury(More)
BACKGROUND Although many etiological theories have been proposed for osteochondritis dissecans (OCD), its etiology remains unclear. Histological analysis of the articular cartilage and subchondral bone tissues of OCD lesions can provide useful information about the cellular changes and progression of OCD. Previous research is predominantly comprised of(More)
Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is thought to be an acquired osteochondral disorder, and its aetiology may be multifactorial. Trauma, both acute and repetitive events, has previously been proposed as a potential cause for OCD development. We present two cases of skeletally immature boys who developed a symptomatic OCD lesion following a femoral condyle bone(More)
BACKGROUND Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the ankle is a disorder of the talar or distal tibial subchondral bone and articular cartilage whose incidence in children is not clearly known. PURPOSE To assess the demographics and epidemiology of OCD of the ankle in children. STUDY DESIGN Descriptive epidemiologic study. METHODS A retrospective chart(More)
Multiple health care agencies have called for the increased use of clinical practice guidelines to improve health care quality. Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines are those developed with the least bias. The process of developing guidelines through the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons is reviewed. The advantages and disadvantages of(More)
BACKGROUND Patellar dislocations are common in skeletally immature athletes, and the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) is an important primary restraint to lateral patellar translation. The relationship between the MPFL femoral origin footprint and femoral physis is unclear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the MPFL femoral origin footprint and(More)
BACKGROUND Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is a vexing condition for patients, parents, and physicians because of the frequent slow healing and nonhealing that leads to prolonged treatment. Several features on plain radiographs have been identified as predictors of healing, but the reliability of their measurement has not been established. PURPOSE To(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding the relationship of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) and the lateral collateral ligament (LCL) to the femoral and tibial physes is important to reducing the risk of physeal injury during surgical reconstruction. The purpose of this study was to identify the location of the attachments of the PCL and LCL in skeletally immature(More)
BACKGROUND Examination of value in health care has become a national priority in the United States. Regional variation in health care costs is an area of focus among national policy experts. Procedural cost data can be used to provide physicians with information to evaluate costs and value. PURPOSE To perform a cost review for anterior cruciate ligament(More)