John C. Hedges

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Smooth muscle cells are exposed to growth factors and cytokines that contribute to pathological states including airway hyperresponsiveness, atherosclerosis, angiogenesis, smooth muscle hypertrophy, and hyperplasia. A common feature of several of these conditions is migration of smooth muscle beyond the initial boundary of the organ. Signal transduction(More)
The signal transduction pathways regulating smooth-muscle gene expression and production of cytokines in response to proinflammatory mediators are undefined. Cultured human bronchial smooth-muscle cells were treated for 20 h with a cytokine cocktail containing interleukin (IL)-1beta, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and interferon-gamma. A complementary DNA(More)
Phosphorylation of h-caldesmon has been proposed to regulate airway smooth muscle contraction. Both extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases phosphorylate h-caldesmon in vitro. To determine whether both enzymes phosphorylate caldesmon in vivo, phosphorylation-site-selective antibodies were used to assay(More)
Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases signal to proteins that could modify smooth muscle contraction. Caldesmon is a substrate for extracellular signal-related kinases (ERK) and p38 MAP kinases in vitro and has been suggested to modulate actin-myosin interaction and contraction. Heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) is downstream of p38 MAP kinases presumably(More)
There is relatively little known about expression and activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) through G protein-linked, seven-transmembrane-spanning (STM) receptors in mammalian smooth muscle. To investigate the role of p38 MAPK in smooth muscle, we cloned and sequenced the p38 MAPK expressed in canine smooth muscles. A full-length clone(More)
This paper models general survival and the distribution of tumor onset times for various tumors in the data base of control animals developed by the National Toxicology Program. For general survival, a modified Weibull model is shown to give an adequate fit for both Fischer 344 rats and C57BL/6 X C3H F1, mice. In addition, data from control animals in a(More)
In canine colon, M2/M3 muscarinic receptors are coupled to extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases. We tested the hypothesis that this coupling is mediated by enzymes of the phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase family. RT-PCR and Western blotting demonstrated expression of two isoforms, PI 3-kinase-alpha and(More)
This paper models general survival and the distribution of tumor onset times for various tumors in the data base of control animals developed by the National Toxicology Program. For general survival, a modified Weibull model is shown to give an adequate fit for both Fischer 344 rats and C57BL/6 x C3H 1-, mice. In addition, data from control animals in a(More)
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