John C. Hackett

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Small molecule host-guest complexes have traditionally provided model systems for biological ligand recognition. Nonetheless, direct extrapolation of these results is precluded by the comparative simplicity of these supramolecular assemblies. If energetic behavior analogous to small molecule host-guest chemistry exists, it is unclear how this would manifest(More)
A mitochondrial carrier family (MCF) of transport proteins facilitates the transfer of charged small molecules across the inner mitochondrial membrane. The human genome has ∼50 genes corresponding to members of this family. All MCF proteins contain three repeats of a characteristic and conserved PX(D/E)XX(K/R) motif thought to be central to the mechanism of(More)
Resolution of the identity PBE (RI-PBE) and B3LYP density functional theory calculations are used to understand the cytochrome P450-catalyzed, Compound I-mediated oxidation of perchlorobenzenes, perfluorobenzenes, their phenols, and mixed chlorofluorobenzenes to form benzoquinones. Addition of Compound I to the chlorine-bearing carbon of perchlorobenzenes(More)
The mechanisms of cytochrome P450 (CYP) catalyzed C-C bond cleavage have been strongly debated and difficult to unravel. Herein, deformylation mechanisms of the sterol 14alpha-demethylase (CYP51) from Mycobacterium tuberculosis are elucidated using molecular dynamics simulation, density functional theory, and hybrid quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics(More)
Aromatase, a cytochrome P450 hemoprotein that is responsible for estrogen biosynthesis by conversion of androgens into estrogens, has been an attractive target in the treatment of hormone-dependent breast cancer. As a result, a number of synthetic steroidal or nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitors have been successfully developed. In addition, there are several(More)
B3LYP density functional theory calculations are used to unravel the mysterious third step of aromatase catalysis. The feasibility of mechanisms in which the reduced ferrous dioxygen intermediate mediates androgen aromatization is explored and determined to be unlikely. However, proton-assisted homolysis of the peroxo hemiacetal intermediate to produce P450(More)
BACKGROUND The mammary glands of adult female animals are remarkably sensitive to keratinocyte growth factor (KGF). KGF acts at the KGF receptor (KGFR) to produce a rapid and profound stimulation of breast cancer cell proliferation and motility. Further, KGF-induced motility in breast cancer cells is mediated via the Erk1/2 signaling pathway. Thus,(More)
Aromatase (CYP19) catalyzes the terminal step in estrogen biosynthesis, which requires three separate oxidation reactions, culminating in an enigmatic aromatization that converts an androgen to an estrogen. A stable ferric peroxo (Fe(3+)O(2)(2-)) intermediate is seen by electron paramagnetic resonance, but its role in this complex reaction remains(More)
The synthesis and biological evaluation of a series of 2-azole and 2-thioazole isoflavones as potential aromatase inhibitors are described. Differences in inhibitory activity of triazole and imidazole inhibitors are rationalized with density functional theory to expose a key difference in the electronic structure of these molecules. In addition, difference(More)
The cytochromes P450 constitute a ubiquitous family of metalloenzymes, catalyzing manifold reactions of biological and synthetic importance via a thiolate-ligated iron-oxo (IV) porphyrin radical species denoted compound I (Cpd I). Experimental investigations have implicated this intermediate in a broad spectrum of biophysically interesting phenomena,(More)