John C. H. Steele

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We tested the brain tissues of the Chamorro people of Guam who died of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/Parkinsonism dimentia complex (ALS/PDC) for the neurotoxin beta-methylamino-l-alanine (BMAA). We used validated high-pressure liquid chromatography and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analyses to test well-characterized archival tissues of the(More)
Guam ALS/PDC is a severe tangle forming disorder endemic to Guam with features overlapping such neurodegenerative disorders as Alzheimer disease (AD), Parkinson disease (PD), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), ALS, corticobasal degeneration (CBD) and pallido-ponto-nigral degeneration (PPND). Since the prevalence is declining, we examined brain tissue(More)
A mutation in exon 4 of the alpha-synuclein (NACP) gene has been reported to explain the chromosome 4 linkage to autosomal dominant Parkinson's disease. We developed primers and methods for exonic sequencing of this gene and sequenced the entire coding region of the gene in 6 families with autosomal dominant disease and in 2 cases of lytico and bodig from(More)
On Guam and in two other Pacific locales, indigenous residents and immigrants are prone to familial neurodegeneration that manifests as atypical parkinsonism, dementia, motor neuron disease, or a combination of these three phenotypes. This progressive and fatal disease of the Mariana islands, the Kii peninsula of Japan, and the coastal plain of West New(More)
The transactive response (TAR) DNA binding protein 43 (TDP-43) has been recently implicated as a major component of ubiquitinated inclusions in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, motor neuron disease: MND) and ALS-related disorders. In this study, we examined abnormal TDP-43 pathology in 13 sporadic ALS (SALS), six familial ALS (FALS) with and without(More)
BACKGROUND A pathogenic mutation (VPS35 p.D620N) within the retromer complex has been shown to segregate with late-onset Parkinson's disease (PD). Several studies have subsequently detected the mutation in patients with PD and not in controls. METHODS Mutation screening of the coding regions of the retromer cargo recognition complex genes (VPS26A/B,(More)
We have assessed the distribution of the tau H1/H2 haplotype in the publicly available reference series of samples with representatives of most racial groups. This analysis shows that the H2 haplotype is probably exclusively Caucasian in origin and its marginal occurrence in other racial groups is likely to reflect admixture. We discuss this observation in(More)