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This study measured the bending stiffness of the spine when it is subjected to posteroanterior mobilization force. The lumbar spine was modeled as an initially curved beam column supported over the rib cage and the pelvis. Posteroanterior mobilization was assumed to be three-point bending of the beam. The mobilization force was measured by the mounting of a(More)
OBJECTIVES To measure the loads acting at the lumbar spine and the resulting motions during rotational mobilization. METHODS Twenty healthy subjects were subjected to right rotational mobilization of different grades. The magnitude and frequency of mobilization loads were decided by an experienced manipulative therapist to be appropriate for each(More)
Inference on the difference between two binomial proportions in the paired binomial setting is often an important problem in many biomedical investigations. Tang et al. (2010, Statistics in Medicine) discussed six methods to construct confidence intervals (henceforth, we abbreviate it as CI) for the difference between two proportions in paired binomial(More)
The effects of ceria and zirconia on the structure-function properties of supported rhodium catalysts (1.6 and 4 wt % Rh/γ-Al2O3) during CO exposure are described. Ceria and zirconia are introduced through two preparation methods: 1) ceria is deposited on γ-Al2O3 from [Ce(acac)3] and rhodium metal is subsequently added, and 2) through the controlled surface(More)
Energy dispersive X-ray absorption spectroscopy (ED-XAS), in which the whole XAS spectrum is acquired simultaneously, has been applied to reduce the real-time for acquisition of spectra of photoinduced excited states by using a germanium microstrip detector gated around one X-ray bunch of the ESRF (100 ps). Cu K-edge XAS was used to investigate the MLCT(More)
The effects of the addition of ceria and zirconia on the structural properties of supported rhodium catalysts (1.6 and 4 wt % Rh/γ-Al2O3) are studied. Ceria and zirconia are deposited by using two preparation methods. Method I involves the deposition of ceria on γ-Al2O3 from Ce(acac)3, and the rhodium metal is subsequently added, whereas method II is based(More)
Space weather research involves the study of the Sun and Earth from a systems viewpoint to improve the understanding and prediction of solar-terrestrial variability. There are a wide variety of solar-terrestrial imagery, spectroscopic measurements, and in situ space environmental data that can be exploited to improve our knowledge and understanding of the(More)
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