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It is essential, in order to minimise expensive drug failures due to toxicity being found in late development or even in clinical trials, to determine potential toxicity problems as early as possible. In view of the large libraries of compounds now being handled by combinatorial chemistry and high-throughput screening, identification of putative toxicity is(More)
The dissolution of a chemical into water is a process fundamental to both chemistry and biology. The persistence of a chemical within the environment and the effects of a chemical within the body are dependent primarily upon aqueous solubility. With the well-documented limitations hindering the accurate experimental determination of aqueous solubility, the(More)
The aim of this study was to develop a simple quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) for the classification and prediction of antibacterial activity, so as to enable in silico screening. To this end a database of 661 compounds, classified according to whether they had antibacterial activity, and for which a total of 167 physicochemical and(More)
Five linear QSPR models for melting points (MP) of drug-like compounds are developed based on three different packages for molecular descriptor generation and a combined set of all descriptors. A data set of 323 gaseous, liquid, and solid compounds was used for this study. Two models from the combined set of descriptors based on stepwise regression and(More)
The history of the relationship of biological activity to partition coefficient and related properties is briefly reviewed. The dominance of partition coefficient in quantitation of structure-activity relationships is emphasized, although the importance of other factors is also demonstrated. Various mathematical models of in vivo transport and binding are(More)
To my good friend Marvin Charton, whom I hold in the greatest respect and admiration for his untiring efforts over many years to clarify molecular processes, I dedicate this paper on the occasion of his 70 th birthday. Abstract: The Gibbs free energy, enthalpy and entropy of partitioning of 45 simple aromatic compounds (phenols, benzoic acids and(More)
The use of alternative toxicity tests and computational prediction models is widely accepted to fill experimental data gaps and to prioritize chemicals for more expensive and time-consuming assessment. A novel short-term toxicity test using the alga Chlorella vulgaris was utilized in this study to produce acute aquatic toxicity data for 65 aromatic(More)
Solubilities of crystalline organic compounds calculated according to AMP (arithmetic mean property) and LoReP (local one-parameter regression) models based on structural and physicochemical similarities are presented. We used data on water solubility of 2615 compounds in un-ionized form measured at 25±5 °C. The calculation results were compared with the(More)
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