John C. Chang

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The confluence of micropatterning, microfabricated multielectrode arrays, and low-density neuronal culture techniques make possible the growth of patterned neuronal circuits overlying multielectrode arrays. Previous studies have shown synaptic interaction within patterned cultures which was more active on average than random cultures. In our present study,(More)
We report the use of a gold coating on microelectrode arrays (MEAs) to enable the use of the relatively reliable surface modification chemistry afforded by alkanethiol self-assembled monolayers (SAMs). The concept is simple and begins with planar MEAs, which are commercially available for neuronal cell culture and for brain slice studies. A gold film, with(More)
The human and shark Na-K-Cl cotransporters (NKCCs) are 74% identical in amino acid sequence yet they display marked differences in apparent affinities for the ions and bumetanide. In this study, we have used chimeras and point mutations to determine which transmembrane domains (tm's) are responsible for the differences in ion transport and in inhibitor(More)
Using neuronal cultures on microelectrode arrays, researchers have shown that recordable electrical activity can be influenced by chemicals in the culture environment, thus demonstrating potential applicability to biosensors or drug screening. Since practical success requires the design of robust networks with repeatable, reliable responses understanding(More)
Post-operative thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a recently recognised life-threatening clinical syndrome with considerable similarity to classic TTP in presentation and response to early treatment with plasma exchange. To date, 29 cases of TTP associated with surgery have been reported. The majority of cases have complicated vascular surgeries,(More)
Macromolecular microstamping with polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) stamps has been demonstrated to transfer proteins onto glassy substrates for antigen or antibody detection and for cell patterning. For many applications, including neuronal cell patterning, it is important to assure reliable transfer of sufficient quantity of protein. Research has shown that(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to describe a new technique for transscleral suturing of posterior chamber intraocular lenses (PCIOLs) without intraocular knots. DESIGN Retrospective noncomparative case series. PARTICIPANTS Twenty-four eyes underwent implantation of PCIOLs with this new technique. METHODS Suture fixation of PCIOLs was performed in(More)
During embryonic life, events may alter the normal growth and fusion of the endocardial tube, the paired dorsal aortae, and the vitelline plexus, leading to anomalies and variants of the mature axial arterial system.1 Many of these are well known, especially those associated with the aorta, heart, and umbilical artery.1,2 Vitelline variants have also been(More)
AIM TRAF6 is a unique adaptor protein of the tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated factor family that mediates both tumour necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) and interleukin-1 receptor/Toll-like receptor (IL-1R/TLR) signalling. Activation of IL-1R/TLR and TNFR pathways in renal tubular cells contributes to renal injury. This study aimed to investigate if(More)
Embryonic rat hippocampal neurons were cultured in order to gain insights into how small networks of neurons interact. The principal observations are the electrical activities recorded with the electrode arrays, primarily action potentials both spontaneous and evoked. Several lithographic techniques were developed for controlling with micrometer precision(More)