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SUMMARY Perioperative halo traction was used in the treatment of severe scoliosis in 19 children. Diagnoses included neuromuscular, idiopathic, and congenital scoliosis. Traction was transferable between the bed and a walker or wheelchair. Thirteen patients had prior spinal surgery, and most required osteotomy. Traction was used for 6 to 21 weeks. All(More)
The adaptation of tibialis anterior muscles after 20% and 30% gradual limb lengthening was evaluated. Eight skeletally mature neutered male goats had 20% (n = 4) or 30% (n = 4) tibial distraction at a rate of 0.25 mm three times per day. Muscles from lengthened and contralateral control limbs were harvested on completion of distraction. Fiber length and(More)
Interobserver variations for measurements of the Cobb angle on radiographs of patients who had kyphosis were comparable with those on the radiographs of patients who had scoliosis. Four staff orthopaedists and one physical therapist measured eight radiographs that showed scoliosis and twenty that showed kyphosis. The measurements were made on two occasions(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital longitudinal deficiency of the fibula is the most common lower extremity congenital deficiency, with a broad spectrum of severity and subsequent reconstructive treatment. Published classification schemes do not accurately predict reconstructive treatment currently in practice. METHODS We reviewed all medical records of patients with(More)
PURPOSE Two common treatment options for congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia (CPT) are intramedullary fixation following resection/shortening of the pseudarthrosis site and reconstruction with an Ilizarov external fixator following resection. We present in detail a narrative of two cases with similar degrees of tibial dysplasia associated with NF-1(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to examine the changes in unipennate muscle architecture after distraction osteogenesis. Nine adult goats underwent 20% tibial lengthening in one of the hind limbs. Immediately after distraction, lengthened and contralateral (untreated) tibialis caudalis (TC) muscles were harvested. Lengths of the muscle belly, muscle(More)
In twenty-five patients, the Pavlik harness failed to obtain or maintain reduction in thirty of thirty-five congenital dislocations of the hip. All of the patients had met the clinical criteria for use of the harness in our institution: they were less than seven months old, the femoral head pointed to the triradiate cartilage on anteroposterior radiographs(More)
STUDY DESIGN To determine the effectiveness of posterior TSRH instrumentation for the treatment of idiopathic scoliosis, 103 patients with a 2-year minimum followup were retrospectively studied. METHODS Patients who underwent operations between October 1988 and April 1991 were evaluated for curve correction, spinal balance, and complications. Age at(More)
Distraction osteogenesis has been used for more than 50 years to address limb-length discrepancy and deformity. Intramedullary fixation has been used in conjunction with external fixation to decrease the time in the external fixator and prevent deformity and refracture. A new generation of motorized intramedullary nails is now available to treat limb-length(More)
The introduction to the West in the early 1980s of the Ilizarov circular external fixator and method resulted in rapid advances in limb lengthening, deformity correction, and segmental long-bone defect reconstruction. The mechanical features of and biologic response to using distraction osteogenesis with the circular external fixator are the unique aspects(More)